By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Anudatta, AnudAtta, Anudaatta
Anudātta literally means ‘not raised’.
The Vedic Samhitās have been preserved for millennia due to the well-organized system of ‘svaras’ or intonations. Such svaras are of three types :
- Udātta - The udātta is without any sign.
- Anudātta - The anudātta is indicated by a horizontal line below the letter.
- Svarita - The svarita is a vertical line above the letter.
They are generally translated as ‘raised,’ ‘not raised’ and ‘falling.’ They are musical in nature.
For instance : Oṃ saha nāvavatu. Here ‘sa’ is an anudātta and ‘na’ is a svarita. The other letters are all udātta.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore