Citsukha, Citsukhi

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Origin of Citsukha

Post-Śaṅkara literature on Advaita Vedānta has grown enormously. It has improved in quantity, quality and subtlety. Citsukha is one of the well-known writers on Advaita Vedānta of this period. He lived in the early part of the thirteenth century. He was a pupil of Gauḍeśvarācārya also known as Jñānottama. His works are:

  1. Bhāsya-bhāva-prakāśikā - a commentary on the Brahmasutrabhāsya of Śaṅkara
  2. Abhiprāya-prakāśikā - commentary on the Brahmasiddhi of Maṇḍana
  3. Commentaries on the Naiskarmyasiddhi of Sureśvara
  4. Nyāyamakaranda of Ānandabodha
  5. Khandana-khanda-khādya of Śriharṣa

Significance of Tattvapradīpikā

However his most important work is Tattvapradīpikā commonly known as Citsukhi. It is a unique work for two reasons:

  1. It effectively refutes the categories of the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika schools
  2. It establishes some of the fundamental points of Sankara’s advaita by carrying out a subtle analysis and interpretation of them.

Significance of Citsukhi

Citsukhi comprises of four chapters.

  • The first chapter deals with:
    1. The Vedāntic concepts like the ātman being self-luminous and pure consciousness
    2. Nature of avidyā (nescience or ignorance)
    3. Mithyātva (nature of falsity of the world)
    4. Nature of illusions
    5. Etc.
  • The second chapter deals with:
    1. Analysis of the various concepts and categories of the Nyāya and the Vaiśeṣika systems
    2. Refuting guṇa (quality), karma (action), sāmānya (generality), samavāya (inherence) and so on
  • The third chapter deals with:
    1. The possibility of realization of Brahman
    2. The nature of mukti (liberation) through jñāna (knowledge)
  • The fourth chapter deals with the nature of the ultimate state of liberation.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore