From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Ekadandin, EkadaNDin, Ekadandin

Ekadaṇḍin literally means ‘One who holds a single staff’.


A daṇḍa or a staff is an important insignia of a sanyāsin[1] Among such sanyāsins called ‘daṇḍis’, there are two types:

  1. Ekadaṇḍis - They carry one staff of bamboo to facilitate carrying.
  2. Tridaṇḍis - They carry three staffs tied together to facilitate carrying.


Daṇḍa stands for dama or self-control. Tridaṇḍa stands for control over body, speech and mind. Ekadaṇḍa stands for control over the mind, since it automatically leads to the control of the other two.

Paramahaṅsa Sanyāsi's Daṇḍa

The paramahaṅsa sanyāsis accept a daṇḍa at the time of taking sanyāsa. It breaks it and discards it in a river, since they are supposed to have attained the highest state wherein they do not need to carry such insignias.


  1. Sanyāsin means a monk.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore