From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Kesabandha, KeZabandha, Keshabandha

Keśabandha literally means ‘hair-style.

Evolution of Hair Art

Dressing up the hair, especially by tying it into different shapes, was a well-developed art in ancient and medieval country. It was but natural that this got reflected in the images of gods and goddesses also.

Hair Styles

Various such styles have been noticed and mentioned in the works on iconography. Sometimes, the hair is shaped as a crown. It is called ‘jaṭāmukuṭa’. Other styles are:

  1. Kākapakṣa - side-locks shown in the images of juvenile gods like Bālakṛṣṇa
  2. Alaka - curled hair
  3. Ekaveṇī - single plait
  4. Dome-like or oval shaped bun as in the images of Rukminī or Godādevī
  5. Others

Hair Decoration

Generally hair or hair locks may be decorated with flowers. They are even bedecked with jewels. Fierce deities are shown with decorations of coiled serpents.[1]


  1. The decoration of coiled serpents is naga-bandha.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore