From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Marjana, MArjana, Maarjana

Mārjana Definition

Mārjana is ceremonially purifying the body by sprinkling water with kuśa grass[1] on specified parts of the body with the repetition of the well-known Vedic mantra ‘āpo hi ṣṭhā’.[2]

Mārjana Ritual

Sometimes the Gāyatrī mantra along with the three vyāhṛtis[3] and some Vedic mantras are also prescribed to be recited during mārjana.

Sandhyā Ritual

The sandhyā ritual is also called ‘sandhyāvandana’. It is an important part of the daily routine of every dvija.[4] Out of the several steps involved in its performance, mārjana is also the one.


  1. Kuśa grass means Poa cynosuroides retz.
  2. Ṛgveda 10.9.1-3
  3. They are bhuh etc.
  4. Dvija is a member of the first three castes.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore