By Swami Harshananda
This sukta or hymn in praise of the well-known rivers of that time appears in the Ṛgveda Samhitā. There are nine ṛks or mantras. The first mantra is in praise of all the waters of all the seven rivers. The next three mantras are addressed to the river Sindhu along with its tributaries. These tributaries approach the Sindhu like little children approach their mother or the calves go towards the mother-cow.
The fifth mantra is very important since it names ten prominent rivers of those times, from Gaṅgā, Yamunā and Sarasvatī up to Suṣomā. The rest of the mantras, four in number, are in praise of Sindhu, not only as a nourishing river, but also as a goddess.
- Ṛgveda Samhitā 10.75.1-9
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore