From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Nidhana literally means ‘finale’.

Classification of Sāmans

In Somayāgas like the Agniṣṭoma certain mantras of the Sāmaveda are called ‘sāmans’. They have to be chanted musically. Such sāmans have five parts:

  1. Prastāva - It is chanted by prastotṛ.
  2. Udgītha - It is chanted by udgātṛ.
  3. Pratihāra - It is chanted by prati-hartṛ.
  4. Upadrava - It is chanted by udgātṛ.
  5. Nidhana - It is chanted by prastotṛ, udgātṛ and prati-hartṛ.

Interjections of Nidhana

Nidhana, the last, contains interjec­tions like:

  • Sāt
  • Sām
  • Suvāh
  • Iḍā
  • Vāk
  • Ā

A bundle of grass of a handful[1] quantity to be spread on the vedi[2] is also called ‘nidhana’. The common meaning of the word is ‘death’.


  1. Handful means muṣṭi.
  2. Vedi means sacrificial altar.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore