Time and Space
Kala - Kala or time is defined in many ways. Kala helps us to perceive change of state in an object. Taking the time to blink the eyelid is one unit(nimisha). The following table describes the time or Kala: 18 nimesas = 1 Kastha 30 kashthas = 1 Kala 30 Kalas = 1 Kshna 12 Kshanas = 1 Muhurta 30 Muhurtas = 1 Ahoratra (1 day + 1 night) 30 Ahoratras = 1 Masa (month) 12 Masas = 1 Samvatsara (year) Kala has been considered as a Dravya, a fundamental substance of the universe, by some philosophies like that of Jainism. The Sankhyakarika(50) considers Kala as a form of Tusti(contentment), the satisfaction that comes as a result of thinking that in course of time, mukti or liberation will definitely come. Kala is also one of the names of the Yama, the god of death. Bhagavathgitaequate Kala with God himself.