Trisuparṇamantras

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Trisuparnamantras, TrisuparNamantras, Trisuparnamantras


Trisuparṇamantras literally means ‘the mantras that guard like the Suparṇa Garuḍa’.

Origin of Trisuparnamantras

The ten mantras of the three anuvākas[1] 38, 39 and 40 of the Mahānārāyaṇopaniṣad, are collectively known as Trisuparṇamantras. This has been declared in the Upaniṣad itself. As Suparṇa or Garuḍa[2] protects amṛta or nectar, these mantras when recited will protect a seeker of spiritual wisdom from the evil effects of even heinous sins like brahmahatyā.[3] Hence they are called Suparnamantras. Since they are spread over three[4] anuvākas, they are called Trisuparṇamantras.

Contents of Trisuparṇamantras

A brief summary of these mantras may now be given:

Anuvāka 38

May Brahman, the blissful Lord, come to me. O Lord! I am your child. Destroy my bad dream of sañsāra (empirical Destroy my bad dream of sañsāra[5] I offer myself as an oblation into Thee. (a weapon) normally shown in the hand of Śiva and some aspects of the Devī[6]

These Trisuparṇamantras should be given to any brāhmaṇa, even if unsolicited. Those who recite them, destroy the sin of brahmahatyā or killing a brāhmaṇa. They become so pure that they can purify a thousand brāhmaṇas, while sitting for food, in the same row.

Anuvāka 39

O God the Creator! give us prosperity consisting of progeny. Turn away from us this bad dream of the world. Turn away from us all sins and bring to us what is auspicious. May the whole nature consisting of wind, rivers, vegetation, night and dawn, particles of earth and sun, be sweet to us.

Brahman who is bliss is attained through the power of intelligence.

Anuvāka 40

Brahmā[7] among the gods; master of right words among the composers; the seer among the intelligent beings; the strong buffalo among the animals; the kite among the birds; the axe among the destructive tools and soma juice that is praised, among the sacrificers. It is He again who is in the sun, in the air, in the fire, as also in the individual soul.

The Supreme Brahman is attained only by a person in whom the desire for Self-knowledge is generated by the proper performance of prescribed duties. It is the Supreme Being who has become the best in everything:

References

  1. It means sections.
  2. It is the eagle mount of Lord Viṣṇu.
  3. Brahmahatyā means killing a brāhmaṇa.
  4. Three means tri.
  5. Sañsāra means empirical existence.
  6. Devī means the Divine Mother.
  7. Brahmā is the four-faced creator.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore