By Swami Harshananda
Turiya literally means ‘the fourth’.
Treatises on Advaita Vedānta take recourse to a method called ‘avasthātraya-viveka’ to prove the existence of the ātman as pure consciousness beyond the body-mind complex. Since it persists through all the three states of consciousness it is called the ‘turīya’ or ‘the fourth’. The three states are:
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore