From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Visoka, ViZokA, Vishokaa

Viśokā literally means ‘without sorrow’.

The mind is constantly rising in the form of vṛttis or waves of thoughts and emotions and hence difficult to control. Patañjali[1] in his monumental work the Yogasutras, gives a few methods called parikarmas, in seven sutras[2] which helps in controlling the mind. One of them is indicated by this sutra:
Viśokā vā jyotismatī.[3]

When the mind is directed towards the suṣumnānāḍi which is in the middle of the spinal column but extends right up to suryamanḍala,[4] one is able to get a knowledge of one’s own citta or mind. This knowledge resembles light and results in freedom from sorrow.[5]


  1. He lived in 200 B. C.
  2. Yogasutras 1.33 to 39.
  3. Yogasutras 1.36
  4. Suryamanḍala means the orb of the sun.
  5. It is called as viśokā.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore