Difference between revisions of "Śāṇḍilya"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
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The problem with the ancient religious scriptures is that we come across the same name, especially that of a ṛṣi or sage, at many  places. It obviously refers to different periods of time. The name Śāṇḍilya is one such. Several Śāṇdilyas that we find in these scriptures may be listed as follows:
 
The problem with the ancient religious scriptures is that we come across the same name, especially that of a ṛṣi or sage, at many  places. It obviously refers to different periods of time. The name Śāṇḍilya is one such. Several Śāṇdilyas that we find in these scriptures may be listed as follows:
* Śāṇḍilya is mentioned several times in the Śatapatha Brāhmana<ref>Śatapatha Brāhmana 9.4.4.17; 10.1.4.10</ref> as a great authority of agnicayana (fire-ritual) where his agni (fire) has been called Śāṇḍila’. He was the teacher of Vātsya and a pupil of Kuśrī.
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* Śāṇḍilya is mentioned several times in the Śatapatha Brāhmana<ref>Śatapatha Brāhmana 9.4.4.17; 10.1.4.10</ref> as a great authority of agnicayana<ref>Agnicayana means fire-ritual.</ref> where his agni<ref>Agni means fire.</ref> has been called Śāṇḍila’. He was the teacher of Vātsya and a pupil of Kuśrī.
 
* According to other lists of lineage, several sages have been mentioned as his teachers. Some of them are:
 
* According to other lists of lineage, several sages have been mentioned as his teachers. Some of them are:
 
# Kaiśorya Kaśyapa
 
# Kaiśorya Kaśyapa
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# Gautama
 
# Gautama
 
# Others
 
# Others
* In the Chāndogya Upanisad<ref>Chāndogya Upanisad 3.14</ref> an important teaching of Śāṇḍilya is given. It has been called Sandilyavidyā.
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* In the Chāndogya Upaniṣad<ref>Chāndogya Upaniṣad 3.14</ref> an important teaching of Śāṇḍilya is given. It has been called Sandilyavidyā.
 
* One Śāṇḍilya is mentioned in the Mahābhārata several times as a sage in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira<ref>Sabhāparva 4.17</ref>
 
* One Śāṇḍilya is mentioned in the Mahābhārata several times as a sage in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira<ref>Sabhāparva 4.17</ref>
 
* His opinion on dāna or giving gifts has been quoted in the Anuśāsanaparva.<ref>Anuśāsanaparva 65.19</ref>
 
* His opinion on dāna or giving gifts has been quoted in the Anuśāsanaparva.<ref>Anuśāsanaparva 65.19</ref>
* The author of an ancient treatise on bhakti or devotion<ref>Bhaktisutras of Śāṇḍilya</ref> was also a Śāṇḍilya. The work is actually known by his name as Śāndilyaśatasutriyam. Two more works, Sāndilyopanisad and Sāndilyasamhitā, are also attributed to him.
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* The author of an ancient treatise on bhakti or devotion<ref>Bhaktisutras of Śāṇḍilya</ref> was also a Śāṇḍilya. The work is actually known by his name as Śāndilyaśatasutriyam. Two more works, Śāndilyopanisad and Śāndilyasamhitā, are also attributed to him.
  
  

Revision as of 04:34, 21 October 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sandilya, ZANDilya, shaandilya


Śāṇḍilya literally means 'son or descendant of Śaṇḍila'.

The problem with the ancient religious scriptures is that we come across the same name, especially that of a ṛṣi or sage, at many places. It obviously refers to different periods of time. The name Śāṇḍilya is one such. Several Śāṇdilyas that we find in these scriptures may be listed as follows:

  • Śāṇḍilya is mentioned several times in the Śatapatha Brāhmana[1] as a great authority of agnicayana[2] where his agni[3] has been called Śāṇḍila’. He was the teacher of Vātsya and a pupil of Kuśrī.
  • According to other lists of lineage, several sages have been mentioned as his teachers. Some of them are:
  1. Kaiśorya Kaśyapa
  2. Vaiṣṭapureya
  3. Gautama
  4. Others
  • In the Chāndogya Upaniṣad[4] an important teaching of Śāṇḍilya is given. It has been called Sandilyavidyā.
  • One Śāṇḍilya is mentioned in the Mahābhārata several times as a sage in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira[5]
  • His opinion on dāna or giving gifts has been quoted in the Anuśāsanaparva.[6]
  • The author of an ancient treatise on bhakti or devotion[7] was also a Śāṇḍilya. The work is actually known by his name as Śāndilyaśatasutriyam. Two more works, Śāndilyopanisad and Śāndilyasamhitā, are also attributed to him.


References

  1. Śatapatha Brāhmana 9.4.4.17; 10.1.4.10
  2. Agnicayana means fire-ritual.
  3. Agni means fire.
  4. Chāndogya Upaniṣad 3.14
  5. Sabhāparva 4.17
  6. Anuśāsanaparva 65.19
  7. Bhaktisutras of Śāṇḍilya
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore