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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sabdadvaita, ZabdAdvaita, shabdaadvaita

Śabdādvaita literally means ‘advaita of śabda’.

Maṇḍana Miśra[1] was an advaitin. He has propagated this view in his well-known work Brahmasiddhi. According to him, Brahman[2] is consciousness and that consciousness is the power of speech, which is of the nature of śabda, sound or vibration. Hence Brahman is of the nature of ‘śabda’ or speech.

Though Maṇḍana, following Bhartṛhari[3] a philosopher of the school of grammar, adduces several powerful arguments in its favor, later advaitins do not subscribe to his views.


  1. He lived in A. D. 750-800.
  2. Brahman is the one who is advaita or one without a second.
  3. He lived in 5th century A. D.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore