Difference between revisions of "Daksiṇeśvara"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Visiting a famous place of pilgrimage at least once in a life-time has been a great ambition cherished by all devout people.
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A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance. Such places of pilgrimage are legion in the religion and visiting a famous place of pilgrimage at least once in a life-time has been a great ambition cherished by all devout people. Many of these pilgrim centres have acquired their importance due to their intimate association with great saints and religious leaders and one such place, of a rather recent origin, is Daksiṇeśvara, which is now a part of the city of Kolkata. Due to its close connection with the life of Śri Rāmakrsṇa (A. D.1836-1886), it attracts thousands of votaries and visitors throughout the year. As one enters the temple complex from the riverside through the ghāṭ on the eastern bank of the Ganges river, one comes to the main portico called ‘Cāndni’. On either side of it are the Śiva temples, six to the north and six to the south which are all identical.  
Such places of pilgrimage are legion in the religion. Many of these pilgrim centers have acquired their importance due to their intimate association with great saints and religious leaders.
+
 
+
One such place, of a rather recent origin, is Daksiṇeśvara. It is now a part of the city of Calcutta. Due to its close connection with the life of Śri Rāmakrsṇa (A. F) 1836-1886), it attracts thousands of votaries and visitors throughout the year.  
+
 
+
As one enters the temple complex from the riverside through the ghāṭ on the eastern bank of the Ganges river, one comes to the main portico called ‘Cāndni’. On the either side of it are the Śiva temples, six to the north and six to the south. They are all identical. One has to cross the open courtyard to reach the temple of Kālī, the main shrine.
+
  
 
==Holy Spots in the Temple of Daksiṇeśvara==
 
==Holy Spots in the Temple of Daksiṇeśvara==
 
The holy spots in the campus are:
 
The holy spots in the campus are:
* Goddess Kālī Temple
 
* Nāṭmandir
 
* Kṛṣṇa Temple
 
* Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa room
 
* Nahabat and Bakultala ghāt
 
* The Pañcavati and the Bel tree
 
* The small cottage or meditation hut
 
  
==Goddess Kālī Temple==
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'''Goddess Kālī Temple'''
Goddess Kālī temple was built by Rāṇi Rāsamaṇi (A. D. 1793- 1861), a rich landlady, in 1855. This temple is the center of  attraction of this place. The goddess is known as ‘Bhavatāriṇī’, ‘redeemer from the sufferings of the world’. The image has been carved out of a single piece of basalt. It faces South. The deity is standing on the chest of Śiva (her spouse), who lies prostrate on a thousand-petaled silver lotus. The height of the image is 85 cms. (33.5 inches) and the shrine-room is 4.5 meters (15 ft.) square excluding the raised plinth. The overall height is more than 33 meters (100 ft.). It is open on all sides. It faces the main shrine known as Nāṭmandir (literally, ‘dance- hall’).
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==Nāṭmandir==
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Goddess Kālī temple was built by Rāṇi Rāsamaṇi (A. D. 1793- 1861), a rich landlady, in 1855 and is the center of  attraction of this place. The goddess is known as ‘Bhavatāriṇī’, ‘redeemer from the sufferings of the world’. The image has been carved out of a single piece of basalt and faces South. The deity is standing on the chest of Śiva (her spouse), who lies prostrate on a thousand-petaled silver lotus. The height of the image is 85 cms. (33.5 inches) and the shrine-room is 4.5 meters (15 ft.) square excluding the raised plinth. The overall height is more than 33 meters (100 ft.). It is open on all sides. It faces the main shrine known as Nāṭmandir (literally, ‘dance- hall’).
Nāṭmandir measures 22.5 meters (75 ft.) by 15 meters (50 ft.). It is meant for meditation and religio-cultural activities like devotional music, dramas and dances with religious themes.
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One has to cross the open courtyard to reach the temple of Kālī, the main shrine.
 +
 
 +
'''Nāṭmandir''' 
 +
 
 +
Open on all sides and facing the main shrine is the Nāṭmandir (literally, ‘dance- hall’), measuring 22.5 meters (75 ft.) by 15 meters (50 ft.). It is meant for meditation and religio-cultural activities like devotional music, dramas and dances with religious themes.
 +
 
 +
'''Kṛṣṇa Temple'''
  
==Kṛṣṇa Temple==
 
 
Behind the temple of Kālī stands another temple dedicated to Kṛṣṇa in his Rādhākānta aspect. The images of Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā are 55 cms. (21.5 inches) and 40 cms. (16 inches) respectively.
 
Behind the temple of Kālī stands another temple dedicated to Kṛṣṇa in his Rādhākānta aspect. The images of Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā are 55 cms. (21.5 inches) and 40 cms. (16 inches) respectively.
  
==Śri Ramakṛṣṇa Room==
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'''Śri Ramakṛṣṇa Room'''
 +
 
 
Śri Ramakṛṣṇa spent nearly thirty years of his life in that room. The room is about 7 meters (24 ft.) square. The two wooden cots, one smaller than the other, which he was using have been preserved. The room opens to a semicircular verandah to the west which faces the Ganges river.
 
Śri Ramakṛṣṇa spent nearly thirty years of his life in that room. The room is about 7 meters (24 ft.) square. The two wooden cots, one smaller than the other, which he was using have been preserved. The room opens to a semicircular verandah to the west which faces the Ganges river.
  
==Nahabat Ghāṭ==
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'''Nahabat Ghāṭ'''
 +
 
 
The Nahabat or music tower is to the North of Śri Rāmakṛṣṇa’s room. It has an octagonal room on the ground-floor measuring 2.3 meters (7.75 ft.) across. The entrance door is hardly 1.2 meters (4 ft.) in height. Śrī Sāradā Devī (better known as the Holy Mother) lived in this room. Candrādevī, mother of Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa, lived on the first floor.
 
The Nahabat or music tower is to the North of Śri Rāmakṛṣṇa’s room. It has an octagonal room on the ground-floor measuring 2.3 meters (7.75 ft.) across. The entrance door is hardly 1.2 meters (4 ft.) in height. Śrī Sāradā Devī (better known as the Holy Mother) lived in this room. Candrādevī, mother of Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa, lived on the first floor.
  
==Bakultala-Ghāṭ==
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'''Bakultala-Ghāṭ'''
The Bakultala-ghāṭ is the bathing ghāṭ close to the Nahabat of the Ganges river, Śrī Sāradā Devī used to use this ghāṭ.
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 +
The Bakultala-ghāṭ is the bathing ghāṭ close to the Nahabat of the Ganges river, which Śrī Sāradā Devī used to use.
 +
 
 +
'''The Pañcavaṭī Tree'''
  
==The Pañcavaṭī Tree==
 
 
The Pañcavaṭī is a grove of five sacred trees intended as a place for spiritual practices. It was renovated by Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa himself.
 
The Pañcavaṭī is a grove of five sacred trees intended as a place for spiritual practices. It was renovated by Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa himself.
  
==The Bel Tree==
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'''The Bel Tree'''
 +
 
 
The Bel tree which is a little away from the Pañcavaṭī is the tree under which Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa practiced severe tāntric disciplines guided by Bhairavī Brāhmaṇī.
 
The Bel tree which is a little away from the Pañcavaṭī is the tree under which Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa practiced severe tāntric disciplines guided by Bhairavī Brāhmaṇī.
  
==The Meditation Room==
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'''The Meditation Room'''
The small cottage is the meditation room where the great saint attained Advaitic samādhi under the guidance of the monk Totāpurī.
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 +
The small cottage is the meditation room where the great saint attained Advaitic samādhi under the guidance of the monk Totāpurī.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
 
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
 
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Revision as of 11:16, 29 February 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Daksinesvara, DaksiNeZvara, Daksineshvara


A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance. Such places of pilgrimage are legion in the religion and visiting a famous place of pilgrimage at least once in a life-time has been a great ambition cherished by all devout people. Many of these pilgrim centres have acquired their importance due to their intimate association with great saints and religious leaders and one such place, of a rather recent origin, is Daksiṇeśvara, which is now a part of the city of Kolkata. Due to its close connection with the life of Śri Rāmakrsṇa (A. D.1836-1886), it attracts thousands of votaries and visitors throughout the year. As one enters the temple complex from the riverside through the ghāṭ on the eastern bank of the Ganges river, one comes to the main portico called ‘Cāndni’. On either side of it are the Śiva temples, six to the north and six to the south which are all identical.

Holy Spots in the Temple of Daksiṇeśvara

The holy spots in the campus are:

Goddess Kālī Temple

Goddess Kālī temple was built by Rāṇi Rāsamaṇi (A. D. 1793- 1861), a rich landlady, in 1855 and is the center of attraction of this place. The goddess is known as ‘Bhavatāriṇī’, ‘redeemer from the sufferings of the world’. The image has been carved out of a single piece of basalt and faces South. The deity is standing on the chest of Śiva (her spouse), who lies prostrate on a thousand-petaled silver lotus. The height of the image is 85 cms. (33.5 inches) and the shrine-room is 4.5 meters (15 ft.) square excluding the raised plinth. The overall height is more than 33 meters (100 ft.). It is open on all sides. It faces the main shrine known as Nāṭmandir (literally, ‘dance- hall’). One has to cross the open courtyard to reach the temple of Kālī, the main shrine.

Nāṭmandir

Open on all sides and facing the main shrine is the Nāṭmandir (literally, ‘dance- hall’), measuring 22.5 meters (75 ft.) by 15 meters (50 ft.). It is meant for meditation and religio-cultural activities like devotional music, dramas and dances with religious themes.

Kṛṣṇa Temple

Behind the temple of Kālī stands another temple dedicated to Kṛṣṇa in his Rādhākānta aspect. The images of Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā are 55 cms. (21.5 inches) and 40 cms. (16 inches) respectively.

Śri Ramakṛṣṇa Room

Śri Ramakṛṣṇa spent nearly thirty years of his life in that room. The room is about 7 meters (24 ft.) square. The two wooden cots, one smaller than the other, which he was using have been preserved. The room opens to a semicircular verandah to the west which faces the Ganges river.

Nahabat Ghāṭ

The Nahabat or music tower is to the North of Śri Rāmakṛṣṇa’s room. It has an octagonal room on the ground-floor measuring 2.3 meters (7.75 ft.) across. The entrance door is hardly 1.2 meters (4 ft.) in height. Śrī Sāradā Devī (better known as the Holy Mother) lived in this room. Candrādevī, mother of Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa, lived on the first floor.

Bakultala-Ghāṭ

The Bakultala-ghāṭ is the bathing ghāṭ close to the Nahabat of the Ganges river, which Śrī Sāradā Devī used to use.

The Pañcavaṭī Tree

The Pañcavaṭī is a grove of five sacred trees intended as a place for spiritual practices. It was renovated by Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa himself.

The Bel Tree

The Bel tree which is a little away from the Pañcavaṭī is the tree under which Śrī Rāmakṛṣṇa practiced severe tāntric disciplines guided by Bhairavī Brāhmaṇī.

The Meditation Room

The small cottage is the meditation room where the great saint attained Advaitic samādhi under the guidance of the monk Totāpurī.

References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore