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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Grtsamada, GRtsamada, Grritsamada

Gṛtsamada is a ṛṣi or sage to whom the authorship of the second maṇḍala of the Ṛgveda is attributed. The name literally means a person who is intelligent and always happy.

Gṛtsamada, son of Sunahotra

Gṛtsamada was the son of the sage Sunahotra. Once while performing a sacrifice, asuras or demons abducted him. However, on his prayers to Indra, Indra rescued him.

Gṛtsamada, son of Śunaka

One belief denote him as the adopted son of Śunaka who was a descendant of the sage Bhṛgu. Hence he was also known by a patronym 'Bhārgava'.

Gṛtsamada, son of Vītahavya

He was the son of Vītahavya, a kṣattriya king, who later became a brāhmaṇa. Gṛtsamada is said to have saved Indra once from being caught by the asuras who assumed his form to cheat Indra. The ṛks[1] attributed to him are highly poetic.


  1. Ṛks are the Rgvedic mantras.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore