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By Swami Harshananda

Gandhamadana literally means ‘intoxicating fragrance’.

According to the accounts given in the Mahābhārata and the purānas, this is the name of one of the four mountains enclosing the central region of the world. It was renowned for the fragrance emanating from its forests due to the rare herbs in it. It was under the control of Kubera, the king of the Yakṣas. The Pāṇḍavas had visited it during their residence in the forests (Vanavāsa). Kṛṣṇa had killed the demon Naraka in the vicinity of this mountain.

Gandhamādana is also the name of a monkey-general in the army of Sugrīva, who fought bravely with Kumbhakarṇa.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore