Difference between revisions of "Granth-Sāhib"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Contents of Granth-Sāhib)
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Granth-Sāhib literally means ‘the Master-Book’.
 
Granth-Sāhib literally means ‘the Master-Book’.
  
Sikhism is the youngest of all the religions in the world. It was started by Guru Nānak (A. D. 1469-1539) and developed and nourished by nine more Gurus of whom the last was the illustrious Guru Gobind Singh (A. D. 1666-1708).  
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Sikhism is the youngest of all the religions in the world. It was started by Guru Nānak (CE 1469-1539) and developed and nourished by nine more Gurus of whom the last was the illustrious Guru Gobind Singh (CE 1666-1708).  
  
 
==Sikh Guru's Contribution in Granth-Sāhib==
 
==Sikh Guru's Contribution in Granth-Sāhib==
The basic scripture of Sikhism is the ĀcLi-Granth, also known as Granth Sāhib or Śri Guru Granth-Sāhib. The fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev (A. D. 1563-1606) compiled the original edition of the Granth-Sāhib in A. D. 1604. Then it was revised by Guru Gobind Singh in A. D. 1705 by including the hymns of Guru Tegh Bahādur (A. D. 1621-1675) also. In A. D. 1708, he declared that there would be no more Gurus to guide the Sikhs. The Book itself would be the Guru and hence it should be revered very much.  
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The basic scripture of Sikhism is the ĀcLi-Granth, also known as Granth Sāhib or Śri Guru Granth-Sāhib. The fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev (CE 1563-1606) compiled the original edition of the Granth-Sāhib in CE 1604. Then it was revised by Guru Gobind Singh in A. D. 1705 by including the hymns of Guru Tegh Bahādur (CE 1621-1675) also. In CE 1708, he declared that there would be no more Gurus to guide the Sikhs. The Book itself would be the Guru and hence it should be revered very much.  
  
 
==Hymns of Sikh Gurus==
 
==Hymns of Sikh Gurus==
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==Hymns of Saints==
 
==Hymns of Saints==
 
Compositions of other saints, known as Bhagats, have also been included. The saints whose hymns forms a part of the book are:
 
Compositions of other saints, known as Bhagats, have also been included. The saints whose hymns forms a part of the book are:
# 61 hymns of the Maharashtrian saint Nāmdev (A. D. 1270-1350)
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# 61 hymns of the Maharashtrian saint Nāmdev (CE 1270-1350)
# 39 of the mocī (shoe-maker caste) saint Raidas (15th cent. A. D.)  
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# 39 of the mocī (shoe-maker caste) saint Raidas (15th cent. CE)  
# 226 of Kabīr (A. D. 1440-1518)  
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# 226 of Kabīr (CE 1440-1518)  
  
 
==Content of Granth- Sāhib==
 
==Content of Granth- Sāhib==

Revision as of 16:05, 17 July 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Granth-Sahib, Granth-SAhib, Granth-Saahib


Granth-Sāhib literally means ‘the Master-Book’.

Sikhism is the youngest of all the religions in the world. It was started by Guru Nānak (CE 1469-1539) and developed and nourished by nine more Gurus of whom the last was the illustrious Guru Gobind Singh (CE 1666-1708).

Sikh Guru's Contribution in Granth-Sāhib

The basic scripture of Sikhism is the ĀcLi-Granth, also known as Granth Sāhib or Śri Guru Granth-Sāhib. The fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev (CE 1563-1606) compiled the original edition of the Granth-Sāhib in CE 1604. Then it was revised by Guru Gobind Singh in A. D. 1705 by including the hymns of Guru Tegh Bahādur (CE 1621-1675) also. In CE 1708, he declared that there would be no more Gurus to guide the Sikhs. The Book itself would be the Guru and hence it should be revered very much.

Hymns of Sikh Gurus

The Book comprises of 6000 hymns. The Gurus represented and the hymns composed by them are as follows:

  1. Guru Nānak - 974 hymns
  2. Guru Aṅgad - 62 hymns
  3. Guru Amar Das- 907 hymns
  4. Guru Arjan Dev - 2,218 hymns
  5. Guru Tegh Bahādur - 115 hymns

Hymns of Saints

Compositions of other saints, known as Bhagats, have also been included. The saints whose hymns forms a part of the book are:

  1. 61 hymns of the Maharashtrian saint Nāmdev (CE 1270-1350)
  2. 39 of the mocī (shoe-maker caste) saint Raidas (15th cent. CE)
  3. 226 of Kabīr (CE 1440-1518)

Content of Granth- Sāhib

The Book starts with the Japji, the famous morning prayer. This is followed by Rahiras and Kirtan Sohila the evening and night prayers. The gist of its teaching is that God is one and his name is Sat or Truth. He is free from the cycle of birth and death. He can be realized only by the grace of the Guru. He also lives in our bodies. Repeating God’s nāma or name and remembering him through it is the chief mode of spiritual discipline.

References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore