Difference between revisions of "Harikathā"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Recasting of Harikathā)
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Harikathā literally means ‘stories related to God’.
 
Harikathā literally means ‘stories related to God’.
  
==Practices for Spreading Religion==
+
The main purpose of the harikathā is to spread moral, ethical, religious and spiritual ideas among the masses. This is done through the recitation of interesting and touching stories and episodes from the epics, the purāṇa-s and the lives of saints.
The spread of culture and religion is much more in India than any other countries of the world. This has been mainly due to the methods of mass education adopted by the religio-cultural teachers of medieval and post-medieval era. One such method is the harikathā practiced mostly in South India. Equivalent practices observed there are:
+
They are spread over 2 to 3 hours’ duration and popular even today. Temples and religious institutions are their patrons.
# Kathā-kāla- kṣepa or kālakṣepa of Tamil Nadu
+
Modernization has caught up with this art also. Training institutions are coming up, where the future Bhāgavatar-s, narrator of harikathā, are receiving training. Audio and video tapes of the Harikathās of the well-known exponents are also being made available to the public.
# Kirtana by the buvās of Maharashtra
+
# Harikathā and burrakathā of Andhra Pradesh
+
# Kathakathā or gīti-ālekhya of Bengal
+
 
+
==Purport of Harikathā==
+
The main purpose of the harikathā is to spread moral, ethical, religious and spiritual ideas among the masses. This is done through the recitation of interesting and touching stories and episodes from the epics, the purāṇas and the lives of saints.
+
  
 
==Harikathā Recital==
 
==Harikathā Recital==
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==Mode of Recital==
 
==Mode of Recital==
 
Apart from devotional music, the narrator also embellishes his discourse with suitable stories and anecdotes interspersed with dramatization at appropriate places. The Bhāgavatar is accompanied by musical instruments like:
 
Apart from devotional music, the narrator also embellishes his discourse with suitable stories and anecdotes interspersed with dramatization at appropriate places. The Bhāgavatar is accompanied by musical instruments like:
# Tānpura
+
* Tānpura
# Harmonium
+
* Harmonium
# Tabla  
+
* Tabla  
# Mṛdaṅga - percussion instruments
+
* Mṛdaṅga - percussion instruments
# Tāla - cymbals
+
* Tāla - cymbals
  
==Duration of Recital==
+
==Practices for Spreading Religion==
Harikathās are spread over 2 to 3 hours’ duration. They are common and popular even today. Temples and religious institutions are their patrons.
+
The spread of culture and religion is much more in India than any other countries of the world. This has been mainly due to the methods of mass education adopted by the religio-cultural teachers of medieval and post-medieval era. One such method is the harikathā practiced mostly in South India. Equivalent practices observed there are:
 +
# Kathā-kāla- kṣepa or kālakṣepa of Tamil Nadu
 +
# Kirtana by the buvās of Maharashtra
 +
# Harikathā and burrakathā of Andhra Pradesh
 +
# Kathakathā or gīti-ālekhya of Bengal
  
==Redesign of Harikathā==
 
Modernization, the result of the fast development of science and technology, has caught up with this art also. Training institutions are coming up, where the future Bhāgavatars are receiving training. Audio and video tapes of the Harikathās of the well-known exponents are also being made available to the public.
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 14:43, 2 August 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Harikatha, HarikathA, Harikathaa


Harikathā literally means ‘stories related to God’.

The main purpose of the harikathā is to spread moral, ethical, religious and spiritual ideas among the masses. This is done through the recitation of interesting and touching stories and episodes from the epics, the purāṇa-s and the lives of saints. They are spread over 2 to 3 hours’ duration and popular even today. Temples and religious institutions are their patrons. Modernization has caught up with this art also. Training institutions are coming up, where the future Bhāgavatar-s, narrator of harikathā, are receiving training. Audio and video tapes of the Harikathās of the well-known exponents are also being made available to the public.

Harikathā Recital

After preliminary prayers, the Bhāgavatar, narrator of harikathā, starts either with a song denoting deep philosophy of life or with a short account of some fundamental religio-ethical teaching. The teaching is then expounded in detail through the story chosen for the discourse.

Mode of Recital

Apart from devotional music, the narrator also embellishes his discourse with suitable stories and anecdotes interspersed with dramatization at appropriate places. The Bhāgavatar is accompanied by musical instruments like:

  • Tānpura
  • Harmonium
  • Tabla
  • Mṛdaṅga - percussion instruments
  • Tāla - cymbals

Practices for Spreading Religion

The spread of culture and religion is much more in India than any other countries of the world. This has been mainly due to the methods of mass education adopted by the religio-cultural teachers of medieval and post-medieval era. One such method is the harikathā practiced mostly in South India. Equivalent practices observed there are:

  1. Kathā-kāla- kṣepa or kālakṣepa of Tamil Nadu
  2. Kirtana by the buvās of Maharashtra
  3. Harikathā and burrakathā of Andhra Pradesh
  4. Kathakathā or gīti-ālekhya of Bengal


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore