By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Jatukarnya, JAtukarNya, Jaatukarnya
The dharmaśāstra literature is vast. Many writers quote the earlier writers as the authorities to support their own views. One such ancient author is Jātukarṇya. The name is also spelt as Jātukarṇi or Jātukarṇa. He perhaps lived earlier than the 3rd century CE.
Jātukarṇya has been quoted in verses and prose by Viśvarṇpa of 9th century CE. He was also quoted in the Mitākṣarā of Vijñāneśvara (12th century CE), Haradatta (circa A. D. 1100-1300), Aparārka (12th century CE) and others.
Some of the views attributed to him are as follows:
- A pupil should not suddenly put questions to his teacher in an assembly
- Prohibition of marrying another wife of a lower caste when already having one wife of one’s own caste
- Prāyaścitta for a boy before upanayana
- Prāyaścitta for accidentally drinking liquor
Concepts of Jātukarṇya's Work
His work is not available now. It probably was in the form of sutras. The subjects dealt with in it might be:
- Ācāra - conduct
- Śrāddha - obsequial rites
- Some sacrifices
- Some aspects of astrology
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore