Difference between revisions of "Jayadeva"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Jayadeva, A Brāhmaṇa)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
==Background of Jayadeva==
 
Jayadeva was one of the most popular Sanskrit poets. His Gītagovindakāvya has made him immortal in the annals of Indian  literature. He was born in the village Kendubilva or Kenduli of Bengal. He was the son of Bhojadeva and Rāmādevī. He is assigned to the 12th century A. D., the exact date being unknown. He was one of the five court-poets of the king Lakṣmaṇasena of Bengal.
 
  
==Prodigious Events of his Life==
+
Jayadeva was one of the most popular Sanskrit poets and his Gītagovindakāvya has made him immortal in the annals of Indian literature. He was born to Bhojadeva and Rāmādevī in the village Kendubilva or Kenduli of Bengal. He was assigned to the 12th century CE, the exact date being unknown and was one of the five court-poets of the king Lakṣmaṇasena of Bengal.
Though not much is known of him, legends abound in attributing many miraculous happenings to his life. Some of them are:
+
 
 +
==Prodigious Events of Jayadeva’s Life==
 +
Though not much is known of him, legends abound in attributing many miraculous happenings to his life. Some of them include:
 
* Acceptance of his work the Gita-govinda by Lord Jagannātha in preference to the king’s work
 
* Acceptance of his work the Gita-govinda by Lord Jagannātha in preference to the king’s work
 
* Marriage with Padmāvatī at the behest of Lord Kṛṣṇa
 
* Marriage with Padmāvatī at the behest of Lord Kṛṣṇa
Line 11: Line 11:
 
* Destruction and redemption of robbers on Jayadeva’s intervention
 
* Destruction and redemption of robbers on Jayadeva’s intervention
 
* Death of Padmāvatī on hearing the false news of Jayadeva’s demise and subsequent revival by the Lord’s grace
 
* Death of Padmāvatī on hearing the false news of Jayadeva’s demise and subsequent revival by the Lord’s grace
* Others
 
  
 
==Literary Works of Jayadeva==
 
==Literary Works of Jayadeva==
Line 22: Line 21:
  
 
==Jayadeva, A Brāhmaṇa==
 
==Jayadeva, A Brāhmaṇa==
One more Jayadeva also existed in the 12th century A. D. He was a brāhmaṇa belonging to Vidarbha in Maharashtra. He was also famous to the historians of Sanskrit literature. Two works are attributed to him. They are:  
+
One more Jayadeva also existed in the 12th century CE. He was a brāhmaṇa belonging to Vidarbha in Maharashtra and was also famous to the historians of Sanskrit literature. Two works are attributed to him are:  
 
# Prasannarāghava - a drama of seven scenes depicting the story of the Rāmāyana
 
# Prasannarāghava - a drama of seven scenes depicting the story of the Rāmāyana
# Candrāloka - a scholarly work on alaṅkāraśāstra or poetics, in ten chapters, comprising 350 stanzas
+
# Candrāloka - It is a scholarly work on alaṅkāraśāstra or poetics, in ten chapters, comprising 350 stanzas and considered as an authority on poetics. Appayyadīkṣita (16th century CE) has written a commentary on it called as  Kuvalayānanda.
 
+
Candrāloka is considered as an authority on poetics. Appayyadīkṣita (16th century A. D.) has written a commentary on it called as  Kuvalayānanda.
+
  
  

Revision as of 04:33, 7 July 2016

By Swami Harshananda


Jayadeva was one of the most popular Sanskrit poets and his Gītagovindakāvya has made him immortal in the annals of Indian literature. He was born to Bhojadeva and Rāmādevī in the village Kendubilva or Kenduli of Bengal. He was assigned to the 12th century CE, the exact date being unknown and was one of the five court-poets of the king Lakṣmaṇasena of Bengal.

Prodigious Events of Jayadeva’s Life

Though not much is known of him, legends abound in attributing many miraculous happenings to his life. Some of them include:

  • Acceptance of his work the Gita-govinda by Lord Jagannātha in preference to the king’s work
  • Marriage with Padmāvatī at the behest of Lord Kṛṣṇa
  • Regaining his limbs that had been cut off by robbers
  • Destruction and redemption of robbers on Jayadeva’s intervention
  • Death of Padmāvatī on hearing the false news of Jayadeva’s demise and subsequent revival by the Lord’s grace

Literary Works of Jayadeva

Jayadeva’s works are:

  • Gitagovinda
  • Kārakavāda
  • Ratimañjari
  • Tattvacintāmani
  • Mahābhārata in Hindi[1]

Jayadeva, A Brāhmaṇa

One more Jayadeva also existed in the 12th century CE. He was a brāhmaṇa belonging to Vidarbha in Maharashtra and was also famous to the historians of Sanskrit literature. Two works are attributed to him are:

  1. Prasannarāghava - a drama of seven scenes depicting the story of the Rāmāyana
  2. Candrāloka - It is a scholarly work on alaṅkāraśāstra or poetics, in ten chapters, comprising 350 stanzas and considered as an authority on poetics. Appayyadīkṣita (16th century CE) has written a commentary on it called as Kuvalayānanda.


References

  1. Jayadeva's Mahābhārata closely follows the original by Vyāsa.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore