Difference between revisions of "Kāñcipuram"

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Kāñcīpuram, the city of temples, is also spelt as Kañci, Kāñcī or Conjeevaram. It is one of the seven very ancient cities and pilgrim centers.  
 
Kāñcīpuram, the city of temples, is also spelt as Kañci, Kāñcī or Conjeevaram. It is one of the seven very ancient cities and pilgrim centers.  
 +
 
It is situated on the bank of Pālār river, at a distance of 75 km. or 46 miles to the south-west of Chennai or Madras city and near Chengleput, the district head-quarters.  
 
It is situated on the bank of Pālār river, at a distance of 75 km. or 46 miles to the south-west of Chennai or Madras city and near Chengleput, the district head-quarters.  
  
==Sections of Kāñcīpuram==
 
 
It is divided into sections:
 
It is divided into sections:
 
# Śivakāñcī - Temples of Ekāmranātha (also called Ekāmbareśvara), Kailāsanātha and Kāmākṣi adorn this section
 
# Śivakāñcī - Temples of Ekāmranātha (also called Ekāmbareśvara), Kailāsanātha and Kāmākṣi adorn this section
 
# Viṣṇukāñcī - This section is famous for it's Varadarājasvāmi temple
 
# Viṣṇukāñcī - This section is famous for it's Varadarājasvāmi temple
  
==Ekāmbaranātha Temple==
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==Temples at Kāñcīpuram==
The tower of the Ekāmbaranātha temple of lord Śiva is majestic. It is 56 meters (188 ft.) high. Its high compound wall encloses an area of 10 hectares (25 acres). It contains the images of 63 Nāyanmārs, Śaiva saints of Tamil Nadu. The temple has been renovated during the recent years.
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'''Ekāmbaranātha Temple'''
 +
 
 +
The tower of the Ekāmbaranātha temple of lord Śiva is majestic. It is 56 meters (188 ft.) high. Its high compound wall encloses an area of 10 hectares (25 acres). It contains the idols of 63 Nāyanmārs, Śaiva saints of Tamil Nadu. The temple has been renovated during the recent years.
 +
 
 +
'''Kāmākṣī Temple'''
 +
 
 +
Kāmākṣī temple of Śivakāñcī is very popular. It is one of the most well-known Śaktipīṭhas, abode of Divine Mother. A Śrīcakra in the form of a disc in front of the idol is worshiped. There is also a shrine of Śaṅkarācārya (A. D.788-820) in the temple complex  which is 1.6 hectares (4 acres) in area. The sacred tank in the complex is called Pañcagaṅgā. The annual temple festival takes place in the Tamil month of Māśi<ref.Months of Māśi are February-March.</ref> which includes a silver-car festival also.
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'''Varadarāja Temple'''
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The most famous temple of Viṣṇukāñcī is that of Varadarāja. It is situated on a small hillock called Hastigiri. It is 360 meters by 240 meters (1200 ft. by 800 ft.). The idol of Varadarāja<ref>Varadarāja is an aspect of Viṣṇu.</ref> is quite big in size. It is in the standing posture. There are idols of the Ālvārs and Rāmānuja (CE 1017-1137) which also receive worship.
  
==Kāmākṣī Temple==
+
'''Vaikuṇṭha Perumāl Temple'''
Kāmākṣī temple of Śivakāñcī is very popular. It is one of the most well-known Śaktipīṭhas, abode of Divine Mother. A Śrīcakra in the form of a disc in front of the image is worshiped. There is also a shrine of Śaṅkarācārya (A. D.788-820) in the temple complex  which is 1.6 hectares (4 acres) in area. The sacred tank in the complex is called Pañcagaṅgā. The annual temple festival takes place in the Tamil month of Māśi<ref.Months of Māśi are February-March.</ref> which includes a silver-car festival also.
+
  
==Varadarāja Temple==
+
Vaikuṇṭha Perumāl temple was built in the 8th century CE. The vimāna (tower) of this temple is three storeyed. It contains three idols in the standing, sitting and recumbent postures.  
The most famous temple of Viṣṇukāñcī is that of Varadarāja. It is situated on a small hillock called Hastigiri. It is 360 meters by 240 meters (1200 ft. by 800 ft.). The image of Varadarāja<ref>Varadarāja is an aspect of Viṣṇu.</ref> is quite big in size. It is in the standing posture. There are images of the Ālvārs and Rāmānuja (CE 1017-1137) which also receive worship.
+
  
==Vaikuṇṭha Perumāl Temple==
+
'''Citragupta Temple'''
Vaikuṇṭha Perumāl temple was built in the 8th century CE. The vimāna (tower) of this temple is three storeyed. It contains three images in the standing, sitting and recumbent postures.
+
  
==Citragupta Temple==
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A rare temple of Citragupta with his idol holding a book of palmyrah leaves is also located in Kāñcīpuram. It is visited by both the Śaivas and the Vaiṣṇavas.
A rare temple of Citragupta with his image holding a book of palmyrah leaves is also located in Kāñcīpuram. It is visited by both the Śaivas and the Vaiṣṇavas.
+
  
==Personalities Belonging to Kāñcīpuram==
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==Remarkable associations of Kāñcīpuram==
Kāñcīpuram has been associated with many famous persons.
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Kāñcīpuram has been associated with the following:
* Cāṇakya, (300 B. C.) the author of Arthaśāstra is said to have been born here
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* The birth of Cāṇakya, (300 B. C.) the author of Arthaśāstra  
* Śyāmāśāstri (CE 1762-1827) a famous musician-saint of South India originates from Kāñcīpuram
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* The origination of Śyāmāśāstri (CE 1762-1827) a famous musician-saint of South India  
 
* Buddha (563-483 B. C.), Śaṅkara and Vedānta Deśika (CE 1268- 1369) had visited this place
 
* Buddha (563-483 B. C.), Śaṅkara and Vedānta Deśika (CE 1268- 1369) had visited this place
* The Pallavas and the Colas had ruled here.
+
* The Pallavas and the Colas had ruled here
* Buddhism and Jainism had spent their time here.
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* Buddhism and Jainism had their heydays at some time here
* The town is famous for Sanskrit learning and silk saris.
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* Famous for Sanskrit learning and silk saris
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 05:53, 27 September 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Kancipuram, KAJcipuram, Kaaycipuram


Kāñcīpuram, the city of temples, is also spelt as Kañci, Kāñcī or Conjeevaram. It is one of the seven very ancient cities and pilgrim centers.

It is situated on the bank of Pālār river, at a distance of 75 km. or 46 miles to the south-west of Chennai or Madras city and near Chengleput, the district head-quarters.

It is divided into sections:

  1. Śivakāñcī - Temples of Ekāmranātha (also called Ekāmbareśvara), Kailāsanātha and Kāmākṣi adorn this section
  2. Viṣṇukāñcī - This section is famous for it's Varadarājasvāmi temple

Temples at Kāñcīpuram

Ekāmbaranātha Temple

The tower of the Ekāmbaranātha temple of lord Śiva is majestic. It is 56 meters (188 ft.) high. Its high compound wall encloses an area of 10 hectares (25 acres). It contains the idols of 63 Nāyanmārs, Śaiva saints of Tamil Nadu. The temple has been renovated during the recent years.

Kāmākṣī Temple

Kāmākṣī temple of Śivakāñcī is very popular. It is one of the most well-known Śaktipīṭhas, abode of Divine Mother. A Śrīcakra in the form of a disc in front of the idol is worshiped. There is also a shrine of Śaṅkarācārya (A. D.788-820) in the temple complex which is 1.6 hectares (4 acres) in area. The sacred tank in the complex is called Pañcagaṅgā. The annual temple festival takes place in the Tamil month of Māśi<ref.Months of Māśi are February-March.</ref> which includes a silver-car festival also.

Varadarāja Temple

The most famous temple of Viṣṇukāñcī is that of Varadarāja. It is situated on a small hillock called Hastigiri. It is 360 meters by 240 meters (1200 ft. by 800 ft.). The idol of Varadarāja[1] is quite big in size. It is in the standing posture. There are idols of the Ālvārs and Rāmānuja (CE 1017-1137) which also receive worship.

Vaikuṇṭha Perumāl Temple

Vaikuṇṭha Perumāl temple was built in the 8th century CE. The vimāna (tower) of this temple is three storeyed. It contains three idols in the standing, sitting and recumbent postures.

Citragupta Temple

A rare temple of Citragupta with his idol holding a book of palmyrah leaves is also located in Kāñcīpuram. It is visited by both the Śaivas and the Vaiṣṇavas.

Remarkable associations of Kāñcīpuram

Kāñcīpuram has been associated with the following:

  • The birth of Cāṇakya, (300 B. C.) the author of Arthaśāstra
  • The origination of Śyāmāśāstri (CE 1762-1827) a famous musician-saint of South India
  • Buddha (563-483 B. C.), Śaṅkara and Vedānta Deśika (CE 1268- 1369) had visited this place
  • The Pallavas and the Colas had ruled here
  • Buddhism and Jainism had their heydays at some time here
  • Famous for Sanskrit learning and silk saris

References

  1. Varadarāja is an aspect of Viṣṇu.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore