Difference between revisions of "Kāmaśāstra"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Acknowledgement)
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Kāmaśāstra literally means ‘treatise dealing with love’.
 
Kāmaśāstra literally means ‘treatise dealing with love’.
  
==Evolution of Kāmaśāstra==
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Kāma or sexual love has been acknowledged as the third puruṣārtha<ref>Puruṣārthas are the ends to be striven for in life.</ref> in the scheme of life embodied in the dharmaśāstras. Hence, like many other fields of knowledge kāmaśāstra or erotics also has been developed as a science.
In the scheme of life embodied in the dharmaśāstras, kāma or sexual love has been given the third place in puruṣārtha. Puruṣārthas are the ends to be striven for in life. Hence, like many other fields of knowledge kāmaśāstra or erotics also has been developed as a science.
+
 
 +
Some Western scholars like Pisanus Fraxi have admired the decency and finesse with which the subject of erotics has been handled by the Indian writers. He believed that Indian writers were interested in preventing disharmony between the husband and the wife and not in promoting sensual indulgence.
  
 
==Doyens of Kāmaśāstra==
 
==Doyens of Kāmaśāstra==
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==Treatises on Kāmaśāstra==
 
==Treatises on Kāmaśāstra==
Vātsyāyana’s Kāmasutras<ref>Vātsyāyana lived in 3rd century A. D. He was also known as Mallanāga.</ref> seems to be the earliest and basic work on erotics. Other works cited on this science of erotics are:
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Works on Kāmaśāstra include:
* Yaśodhara’s<ref>Yaśodhara lived in 13th century A. D.</ref> Jayamañgalā  
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*Vātsyāyana’s Kāmasutras<ref>Vātsyāyana lived in 3rd century CE. He was also known as Mallanāga.</ref> - seems to be the earliest and basic work on erotics
 +
* Yaśodhara’s<ref>Yaśodhara lived in 13th century CE.</ref> Jayamañgalā  
 
* Nāgarasarvasva of Padmaśri  
 
* Nāgarasarvasva of Padmaśri  
 
* Ratirahasya of Kokkoka
 
* Ratirahasya of Kokkoka
 
* Anañgarañga of Kalyāṇamalla deva
 
* Anañgarañga of Kalyāṇamalla deva
 
* Kandarpacudāmani of Vīrabhadra  
 
* Kandarpacudāmani of Vīrabhadra  
* Etc.
 
  
 
==Kāmaśāstra in Ayurveda==
 
==Kāmaśāstra in Ayurveda==
 
The Vājīkarana section of the Ayurveda is related to the science of erotics.
 
The Vājīkarana section of the Ayurveda is related to the science of erotics.
  
==Acknowledgement==
 
Some Western scholars like Pisanus Fraxi have admired the decency and finesse with which the subject of erotics has been handled by the Indian writers. He believed that Indian writers were interested in preventing disharmony between the husband and the wife and not in promoting sensual indulgence.
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 03:46, 22 September 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Kamasastra, KAmaZAstra, Kaamashaastra


Kāmaśāstra literally means ‘treatise dealing with love’.

Kāma or sexual love has been acknowledged as the third puruṣārtha[1] in the scheme of life embodied in the dharmaśāstras. Hence, like many other fields of knowledge kāmaśāstra or erotics also has been developed as a science.

Some Western scholars like Pisanus Fraxi have admired the decency and finesse with which the subject of erotics has been handled by the Indian writers. He believed that Indian writers were interested in preventing disharmony between the husband and the wife and not in promoting sensual indulgence.

Doyens of Kāmaśāstra

Erotic elements are not rare even in the Vedas. The Vedic seers appear to have a realistic approach to the process of procreation. Quite a few sages cited as the authorities in kāmaśāstra are:

  • Śvetaketu
  • Bābhravya
  • Dattaka
  • Cārāyaṇa
  • Kucumāra

Treatises on Kāmaśāstra

Works on Kāmaśāstra include:

  • Vātsyāyana’s Kāmasutras[2] - seems to be the earliest and basic work on erotics
  • Yaśodhara’s[3] Jayamañgalā
  • Nāgarasarvasva of Padmaśri
  • Ratirahasya of Kokkoka
  • Anañgarañga of Kalyāṇamalla deva
  • Kandarpacudāmani of Vīrabhadra

Kāmaśāstra in Ayurveda

The Vājīkarana section of the Ayurveda is related to the science of erotics.


References

  1. Puruṣārthas are the ends to be striven for in life.
  2. Vātsyāyana lived in 3rd century CE. He was also known as Mallanāga.
  3. Yaśodhara lived in 13th century CE.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore