Difference between revisions of "Kāmandaka"

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(Excision in Kāmandakīya Nitisāra)
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
==Kāmandaka Introduction==
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The Arthaśāstra of Kauṭilya or Cāṇakya (300 B. C.) was a monumental work on political science and allied fields of knowledge. However, its language was rather terse and prosaic. Kāmandaka or Kāmandaki rendered its contents into more elegant poetry elucidating the teachings. He also added didactic tales in it to make it more meaningful. This work is known as Nītisāra or Kāmandakīya Nitisāra. Kāmandaka might have lived any where during the period CE 300 to CE 600.
The Arthaśāstra of Kauṭilya or Cāṇakya (300 B. C.) was a monumental work on political science and allied fields of knowledge. However, its language was rather terse and prosaic. Kāmandaka or Kāmandaki rendered its contents into more elegant poetry elucidating the teachings. He also added didactic tales in it to make it more meaningful. This work is known as Nītisāra or Kāmandakīya Nitisāra. Kāmandaka might have lived any where during the period A. D. 300 to A. D. 600.
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==Kāmandakīya Nitisāra==
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==Content of Kāmandakīya Nitisāra==
The work Nitisāra is in 20 cantos and 36 prakaraṇas. The contents of each cantos have been briefly summarized in each sub sections denoted below.
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The work Nitisāra is in 20 cantos and 36 prakaraṇas. The contents of each cantos have been briefly summarized in each sub sections denoted below. The work has Balinese and Jāvanese versions.
  
===Cantos 1 to 3===
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'''Cantos 1 to 3'''
 
* Discipline and training of the king and the princes
 
* Discipline and training of the king and the princes
 
* Varṇāśrama dharma
 
* Varṇāśrama dharma
 
* General rules of conduct
 
* General rules of conduct
  
===Cantos 4 to 7===
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'''Cantos 4 to 7'''
 
* The Saptāṅgas or the seven elements of the State
 
* The Saptāṅgas or the seven elements of the State
  
===Cantos 8 to 12===
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'''Cantos 8 to 12'''
 
* Inter-state relationships
 
* Inter-state relationships
 
* Treatises
 
* Treatises
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* Diplomatic counter-moves
 
* Diplomatic counter-moves
  
===Canto 13===
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'''Canto 13'''
 
* Envoys
 
* Envoys
 
* Ambassadors  
 
* Ambassadors  
 
* Spies
 
* Spies
  
===Cantos 14 and 15===
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'''Cantos 14 and 15'''
 
* Glorious results of strenuous actions and initiatives taken on time
 
* Glorious results of strenuous actions and initiatives taken on time
 
 
* Vices and their consequent afflictions
 
* Vices and their consequent afflictions
  
===Canto 16===
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'''Canto 16'''
 
* Enemy aggression  
 
* Enemy aggression  
 
* Measures to combat enemy aggressions
 
* Measures to combat enemy aggressions
  
===Cantos 17 to 19===
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'''Cantos 17 to 19'''
 
* Army movements
 
* Army movements
 
* Political expedients
 
* Political expedients
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* Rectifying one’s weaknesses
 
* Rectifying one’s weaknesses
  
===Canto 20===
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'''Canto 20'''
 
* Deployment of the armed forces in offensive and defensive warfare
 
* Deployment of the armed forces in offensive and defensive warfare
  
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* Theories of taxation  
 
* Theories of taxation  
 
* Regulation of trade and commerce
 
* Regulation of trade and commerce
 
The work has Balinese and Jāvanese versions.
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 15:23, 19 September 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Kamandaka, KAmandaka, Kaamandaka


The Arthaśāstra of Kauṭilya or Cāṇakya (300 B. C.) was a monumental work on political science and allied fields of knowledge. However, its language was rather terse and prosaic. Kāmandaka or Kāmandaki rendered its contents into more elegant poetry elucidating the teachings. He also added didactic tales in it to make it more meaningful. This work is known as Nītisāra or Kāmandakīya Nitisāra. Kāmandaka might have lived any where during the period CE 300 to CE 600.

Content of Kāmandakīya Nitisāra

The work Nitisāra is in 20 cantos and 36 prakaraṇas. The contents of each cantos have been briefly summarized in each sub sections denoted below. The work has Balinese and Jāvanese versions.

Cantos 1 to 3

  • Discipline and training of the king and the princes
  • Varṇāśrama dharma
  • General rules of conduct

Cantos 4 to 7

  • The Saptāṅgas or the seven elements of the State

Cantos 8 to 12

  • Inter-state relationships
  • Treatises
  • Nature of hostilities
  • Diplomatic counter-moves

Canto 13

  • Envoys
  • Ambassadors
  • Spies

Cantos 14 and 15

  • Glorious results of strenuous actions and initiatives taken on time
  • Vices and their consequent afflictions

Canto 16

  • Enemy aggression
  • Measures to combat enemy aggressions

Cantos 17 to 19

  • Army movements
  • Political expedients
  • Assessment of one’s strength
  • Rectifying one’s weaknesses

Canto 20

  • Deployment of the armed forces in offensive and defensive warfare

Excision in Kāmandakīya Nitisāra

Kāmandaka openly acknowledges his indebtedness towards Kauṭilya. The significant omissions in Kāmandaka’s work are:

  • Internal administration
  • Theories of taxation
  • Regulation of trade and commerce

References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore