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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Ksara, KSara, Kshara

Kṣara literally means ‘destructible’.

It stands for anything that gets destroyed or that is ephemeral. However, the Bhagavadgitā[1] uses the word in a more technical sense. According to it, there are two kinds of beings:

  1. The kṣarapuruṣas - All the beings associated with prakṛti[2] starting with the four faced Brahmā right up to a blade of grass are termed as ‘kṣara’.
  2. The akṣarapuruṣas - The muktapuruṣas or liberated souls are called as ‘aksara’ since they are not associated with the ever changing prakṛti.


  1. Bhagavadgitā 15.16
  2. Prakṛti means embodied beings undergoing transmigration.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore