Difference between revisions of "Kalā"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Meaning in Upaniṣads)
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Kalā literally means ‘that which increases’.
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Kalā literally means ‘that which increases’. It is a Sanskrit word and has several meanings. It's interpretation depends on the context in which it is used. The word kalā denotes to be a 'part' of anything on a general note, though it has a wide usage with other meanings as well.  
 
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==Word Origin==
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Sanskrit is a extra-ordinary language. The word ‘kalā’ is a Sanskrit word. It has several meanings. It's interpretation depends on the context in which it is used.  
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==General Meaning==
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Normally the word kalā denote to be a part of anything. It is used in this sense on a general note, though it has a wide usage with other meanings as well.  
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==Meaning as Arts and Science==
 
==Meaning as Arts and Science==
 
The word kalā is also referred to as art or science. There are 64 types of arts listed. Some of them are:
 
The word kalā is also referred to as art or science. There are 64 types of arts listed. Some of them are:
# Gītam - music
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* Gītam - music
# Nṛtyam - dancing
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* Nṛtyam - dancing
# Puṣpā- staraṇam - decoration with flowers
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* Puṣpā- staraṇam - decoration with flowers
# Aindrajāla - magic
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* Aindrajāla - magic
# Prahelikā - giving riddles for solving
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* Prahelikā - giving riddles for solving
# Takṣakarma - carpentry
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* Takṣakarma - carpentry
# Vāstuvidyā - architecture
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* Vāstuvidyā - architecture
# Nimitta jñāna - futurology with the help of omens
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* Nimitta jñāna - futurology with the help of omens
# Dhātuvāda - metallurgy
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* Dhātuvāda - metallurgy
# Etc.
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==Meaning in Ayurveda==
 
==Meaning in Ayurveda==
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* Indriya - sense organ
 
* Indriya - sense organ
 
* Tapas - austerity
 
* Tapas - austerity
* Etc.
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These kalās are associated with a living being and responsible for his bondage.<ref>Praśna Upaniṣad 6</ref>
These kalās are associated with a living being. They are responsible for his bondage.<ref>Praśna Upaniṣad 6</ref>
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==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 09:44, 7 September 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Kala, KalA, Kalaa


Kalā literally means ‘that which increases’. It is a Sanskrit word and has several meanings. It's interpretation depends on the context in which it is used. The word kalā denotes to be a 'part' of anything on a general note, though it has a wide usage with other meanings as well.

Meaning as Arts and Science

The word kalā is also referred to as art or science. There are 64 types of arts listed. Some of them are:

  • Gītam - music
  • Nṛtyam - dancing
  • Puṣpā- staraṇam - decoration with flowers
  • Aindrajāla - magic
  • Prahelikā - giving riddles for solving
  • Takṣakarma - carpentry
  • Vāstuvidyā - architecture
  • Nimitta jñāna - futurology with the help of omens
  • Dhātuvāda - metallurgy


Meaning in Ayurveda

In Ayurveda,[1] it refers to the seven human body parts.

Meaning in Upaniṣads

The Upaniṣads sometimes refer to 16 kalās or parts. Some of them are:

  • Prāṇa - life force
  • Indriya - sense organ
  • Tapas - austerity

These kalās are associated with a living being and responsible for his bondage.[2]

References

  1. Ayurveda means health-science.
  2. Praśna Upaniṣad 6
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore