Difference between revisions of "Kedāranātha"

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(Śiva Temple)
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
==Significance of Kedāranātha==
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Kedāranātha<ref>Kedāranātha is also spelt as ‘Kedārnāth’.</ref> and Badarīnātha are among the Himālayan centers where nature's beauty automatically induces peace and joy in the hearts of the devout pilgrims.
Most of the pilgrimage centers are situated in places where nature’s beauty automatically induces peace and joy in the hearts of the devout pilgrims. Among these, the Himālayan centers like Badarīnātha and Kedāranātha<ref>Kedāranātha is also spelt as ‘Kedārnāth’.</ref> stands supreme.
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==Historical Significance of Kedāranātha==
 
 
Kedāranātha is actually a very small town almost like a hamlet. It famous due to the ancient Śiva temple. It is one of the twelve Jyotirliṅgas.<ref>Jyotirliṅgas are liṅgas full of divine effulgence.</ref> It was built by the Pāṇḍavas to atone for the sin of killing their cousins and others in the Kurukṣetra war.
 
Kedāranātha is actually a very small town almost like a hamlet. It famous due to the ancient Śiva temple. It is one of the twelve Jyotirliṅgas.<ref>Jyotirliṅgas are liṅgas full of divine effulgence.</ref> It was built by the Pāṇḍavas to atone for the sin of killing their cousins and others in the Kurukṣetra war.
  
==Geographical Location of Kedāranātha==
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==Śiva Temple==
 
It is located in the Garhwal district of Uttaranchal at a height of 3600 meters (11,760 ft.) above the sea-level. The liṅga in the garbhagṛha or sanctum is of an irregular shape. It is of 3.6 meters (12 ft.) in circumference at the bottom and 0.6 meter (2 ft.) in height.
 
It is located in the Garhwal district of Uttaranchal at a height of 3600 meters (11,760 ft.) above the sea-level. The liṅga in the garbhagṛha or sanctum is of an irregular shape. It is of 3.6 meters (12 ft.) in circumference at the bottom and 0.6 meter (2 ft.) in height.
  
==Śiva Temple==
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There is a maṇḍapa (hall) in front of the sanctum. In the maṇḍapa, there is a large idol of Nandi<ref>Nandi is the bull mount of Lord Śiva.</ref> and many idols of gods and goddesses, including those of the Pāṇḍavas. A light is always kept burning in the sanctum. The worship is simple and there is no abhiṣeka or bathing of the liṅga with water.  
In front of the sanctum there is a maṇḍapa (hall). In the maṇḍapa, there is a large image of Nandi<ref>Nandi is the bull mount of Lord Śiva.</ref> and many images of gods and goddesses, including those of the Pāṇḍavas. A light is always kept burning in the sanctum. The worship is simple and there is no abhiṣeka or bathing of the liṅga with water.  
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The devotees generally offer ghee balls and are also permitted to embrace the icon. The priests of the temple are gosains belonging to the Liṅgāyata sect. The temple is opened on the Akṣayyatṛtīyā day in April or May. It is closed on the day after Dipāvali in November. During the winter months, the utsavamurti<ref>Utsavamurti is the processional image.</ref> is taken to the place called Ukhimath. The worship is continued there. The temple structure is very beautiful. The roof is very high. The river Mandākinī<ref>Mandākinī is a tributary of river Gaṅgā.</ref>  flows at the back of the temple.
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The devotees generally offer ghee balls and are also permitted to embrace the idol. The priests of the temple belong to the Liṅgāyata sect. The temple is opened on the Akṣayyatṛtīyā day in April or May. It is closed on the day after Dipāvali in November. During the winter months, the utsavamurti<ref>Utsavamurti is the processional idol.</ref> is taken to the place called Ukhimath. The worship is continued there. The temple structure is very beautiful. The roof is very high. The river Mandākinī<ref>Mandākinī is a tributary of river Gaṅgā.</ref>  flows at the back of the temple.
  
At the backside of the main temple there is a shrine of Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820). He is said to have disappeared into a cave from here. According to some legends, the first teacher of the Liṅgāyata or the Viraśaiva sect, Ekorāmārādhya, had his Maṭha (monastery) here.
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At the backside of the main temple there is a shrine of Śaṅkara (CE 788-820). He is said to have disappeared into a cave from here. According to some legends, the first teacher of the Liṅgāyata or the Viraśaiva sect, Ekorāmārādhya, had his Maṭha (monastery) here.
  
 
==Other Temples==
 
==Other Temples==

Revision as of 14:28, 22 October 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Kedaranatha, KedAranAtha, Kedaaranaatha


Kedāranātha[1] and Badarīnātha are among the Himālayan centers where nature's beauty automatically induces peace and joy in the hearts of the devout pilgrims.

Kedāranātha is actually a very small town almost like a hamlet. It famous due to the ancient Śiva temple. It is one of the twelve Jyotirliṅgas.[2] It was built by the Pāṇḍavas to atone for the sin of killing their cousins and others in the Kurukṣetra war.

Śiva Temple

It is located in the Garhwal district of Uttaranchal at a height of 3600 meters (11,760 ft.) above the sea-level. The liṅga in the garbhagṛha or sanctum is of an irregular shape. It is of 3.6 meters (12 ft.) in circumference at the bottom and 0.6 meter (2 ft.) in height.

There is a maṇḍapa (hall) in front of the sanctum. In the maṇḍapa, there is a large idol of Nandi[3] and many idols of gods and goddesses, including those of the Pāṇḍavas. A light is always kept burning in the sanctum. The worship is simple and there is no abhiṣeka or bathing of the liṅga with water.

The devotees generally offer ghee balls and are also permitted to embrace the idol. The priests of the temple belong to the Liṅgāyata sect. The temple is opened on the Akṣayyatṛtīyā day in April or May. It is closed on the day after Dipāvali in November. During the winter months, the utsavamurti[4] is taken to the place called Ukhimath. The worship is continued there. The temple structure is very beautiful. The roof is very high. The river Mandākinī[5] flows at the back of the temple.

At the backside of the main temple there is a shrine of Śaṅkara (CE 788-820). He is said to have disappeared into a cave from here. According to some legends, the first teacher of the Liṅgāyata or the Viraśaiva sect, Ekorāmārādhya, had his Maṭha (monastery) here.

Other Temples

There are five other temples in the nearby area. They are:

  1. Badarī-kedāra
  2. Madhya maheśvara
  3. Tuṅganātha
  4. Rudranātha
  5. Kalleśvara

All these together are called ‘Pañcakedāra’.

References

  1. Kedāranātha is also spelt as ‘Kedārnāth’.
  2. Jyotirliṅgas are liṅgas full of divine effulgence.
  3. Nandi is the bull mount of Lord Śiva.
  4. Utsavamurti is the processional idol.
  5. Mandākinī is a tributary of river Gaṅgā.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore