Krusṭa

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Krusta, KrusTa, Krusta


The sapta svara system, seven fundamental notes, of Indian music gradually evolved from the seven notes of sāmagāna. These notes are used in chanting the hymns of the Sāmaveda . Kruṣta is the last of the arranged note. The seven notes of Sāmagāna and their equivalents in the saptasvara system of Sāmaveda are given below:

  1. Prathama - Ga (gāndhāra)
  2. Dvitīya - Ri (ṛṣabha)
  3. Tṛtīya - Sa (ṣaḍja)
  4. Caturtha - ni (niṣāda)
  5. Mandra - dha (daivata)
  6. Atisvārya - pa (pañcama)
  7. Kruṣta - ma (madhyama)

Thus, kruṣṭa corresponds to ma or madhyama of Indian music.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore