mānasa-pratyaksa (‘direct perception by the mind’) Perception of objects in order to get a knowledge about them is an important topic discussed in the Indian philosophical systems. Normally, the mind gets the direct knowledge of an object through the five organs of knowledge or jñānendriyas. However, sometimes, a knowledge can arise in the mind directly also. For instance, when we see a rose from a distance, the mind can also comprehend its smell, from previous experiences. This is called ‘mānasa-pratyakṣa’. According to the Kumārila’s (A. D. 700) school of Mīmāriisā philosophy, a person gets the knowledge of himself as the soul or Self, different from the body, directly in his mind as the “I”-consciousness. This is termed in that school as ‘mānasa- pratyakṣa’. See also YOGIPRATYAKSA.