Maṇḍana Miśra

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mandana Misra, MaNDana MiZra, Mandana Mishra

Maṇḍana Miśra lived in circa A. D. 750-800. According to the traditional biogra¬phies of Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) like the Sañkaravijaya of Mādhava-Vidyāraṇya (A. D. 1350) Maṇḍana Miśra was a disciple of the well-known Mīmāṅisā scholar Kumārila Bhaṭṭa (8th century A. D.). He was defeated by Śaṅkara in disputation and became his disciple. After taking Sarhnyāsa, he was given the name Sureśvarācārya. His wife too became a saiṅnyāsinī disciple of Śaṅkara under the name Ubhayabhāratī.

However, this has been disputed by the modern scholars. Since MaṇḍanaMiśra was the author of a well-known work on Advaita Vedānta, the Brahmasiddhi, it is possible that he too was a Vedāntin, though holding views different from those of Śaṅkara. According to these scholars, Sureśvarācārya was a different person whose original name was Viśvarupa. The works attributed to Maṇḍana— all on the Mimāiñsā—are: Vidhiviveka, Bhāvanāviveka, Vibhramaviveka and Mimārhsānukramani. Umbeka, a disciple of Kumārila, has written a commentary on Bhāvanāviveka.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore