Difference between revisions of "Maṇdala"

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maṇdala (‘a circular figure that embellishes’)
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the Hindu scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.
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In the Rgveda it is the name of the ten books or sections into which it is divided, based on the subject content.In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with coloured powders. When consecrated it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces. The names of some of the maṇḍalas are: Sarvatobhadra,
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Maṇdala literally means 'a circular figure that embellishes’.
Caturliñgabhadra, Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala, Hariharamaṇḍala and so on.
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A Hindu temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
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[[File:maṇdala.jpg|thumb|Maṇḍala]]
In the works on political science (arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra) maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa contain¬ing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.
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The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.  
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==Different Denotations of Maṇḍala==
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* In the Ṛgveda it is the name of the ten books or sections into which it is divided based on the subject content.
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* In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with colored powders. When consecrated, it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces.  
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* A temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
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* In the works on political science<ref>Political Science is also called as arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra.</ref>, maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa containing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.
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==Synonyms for Maṇḍala==
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The names of the maṇḍalas include:
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* Sarvatobhadra
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* Caturliñgabhadra
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* Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala
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* Hariharamaṇḍala
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 06:07, 25 May 2019

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mandala, MaNdala, Mandala


Maṇdala literally means 'a circular figure that embellishes’.

File:Maṇdala.jpg
Maṇḍala

The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.

Different Denotations of Maṇḍala

  • In the Ṛgveda it is the name of the ten books or sections into which it is divided based on the subject content.
  • In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with colored powders. When consecrated, it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces.
  • A temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
  • In the works on political science[1], maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa containing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.

Synonyms for Maṇḍala

The names of the maṇḍalas include:

  • Sarvatobhadra
  • Caturliñgabhadra
  • Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala
  • Hariharamaṇḍala

References

  1. Political Science is also called as arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore