Difference between revisions of "Maṇdala"

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(Synonyms for Maṇḍala)
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<small>BY Swami Harshananda</small>
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
maṇdala literally means 'a circular figure that embellishes’.
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Maṇdala literally means 'a circular figure that embellishes’.
  
 
[[File:maṇdala.jpg|thumb|Maṇḍala]]
 
[[File:maṇdala.jpg|thumb|Maṇḍala]]
  
==Meaning of Maṇḍala==
 
 
The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.  
 
The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.  
  
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* In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with colored powders. When consecrated, it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces.  
 
* In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with colored powders. When consecrated, it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces.  
 
* A temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
 
* A temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
* In the works on political science,<ref>Political Science is also called as arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra.</ref> maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa containing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.
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* In the works on political science<ref>Political Science is also called as arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra.</ref>, maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa containing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.
  
 
==Synonyms for Maṇḍala==
 
==Synonyms for Maṇḍala==
The names of some of the maṇḍalas are:
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The names of the maṇḍalas include:
# Sarvatobhadra
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* Sarvatobhadra
# Caturliñgabhadra
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* Caturliñgabhadra
# Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala
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* Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala
# Hariharamaṇḍala  
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* Hariharamaṇḍala  
# Others
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==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 06:07, 25 May 2019

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mandala, MaNdala, Mandala


Maṇdala literally means 'a circular figure that embellishes’.

File:Maṇdala.jpg
Maṇḍala

The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.

Different Denotations of Maṇḍala

  • In the Ṛgveda it is the name of the ten books or sections into which it is divided based on the subject content.
  • In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with colored powders. When consecrated, it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces.
  • A temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
  • In the works on political science[1], maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa containing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.

Synonyms for Maṇḍala

The names of the maṇḍalas include:

  • Sarvatobhadra
  • Caturliñgabhadra
  • Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala
  • Hariharamaṇḍala

References

  1. Political Science is also called as arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore