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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mahasanti, MahAZAnti, Mahaashaanti

Mahāśānti literally means ‘the great propitiatory rite’.

When problems, troubles and difficul¬ties arise which are beyond human efforts and capacities to get redemption from, human beings are apt to take to religious or divine remedies. Śāntis or propitiating rites belong to this class. Mahāśānti is one such rite prescribed in some ancient works like the Sāñkhāyana Grhyasutras (5.11).

Mahāśānti is performed when mis¬haps such as the following occur or for general well-being: fall of meteors, before the coronation of a king or before he starts on an invasion, birth of a baby under an inauspicious star, falling down of holy objects like the umbrella of a deity in procession, when costly things are lost, during eclipses and so on.

It is generally done on a specially raised platform wherein there will be an agnikuṇḍa (fire place) as also places for kalaśas to be established. Mostly Rgvedic mantras are recited during the ceremonies. A homa also is performed. The yajamāna (main performer) takes a bath at the end. The śāntijala (holy water used in the rite) is sprinkled over him by the priests who are then suitably rewarded.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore