Difference between revisions of "Nirviśesa"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Nirviśesa literally means ‘that which is without special characteristics’.
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Nirviś[[esa]] literally means ‘that which is without special characteristics’.
  
The nature of the highest Reality, generally designated by the word ‘Brahman’ in the Upaniṣads, is an important point of discussion in the Vedānta philosophy, considered as the crest-jewel of philosophical systems. According to the Advaita Vedānta, Brahman has two lakṣaṇas or characteristics:
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The nature of the highest Reality, generally designated by the word ‘[[Brahman]]’ in the Upaniṣads, is an important point of discussion in the Vedānta philosophy, considered as the crest-jewel of philosophical systems. According to the [[Advaita]] Vedānta, [[Brahman]] has two lakṣaṇas or characteristics:
# Taṭasthalakṣaṇa - accidental characteristic
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# [[Taṭasthalakṣaṇa]] - accidental characteristic
 
# Svarṅpalakṣaṇa - intrinsic characteristic
 
# Svarṅpalakṣaṇa - intrinsic characteristic
  
When Brahman is described as responsible for the creation or evolution of this world<ref>The Brahmasutras 1.1.2</ref> it is the first lakṣaṇa that has been indicated. This is only an indirect way of pointing towards it. However, in its own intrinsic nature it is described as ‘nirviśeṣa-cinmātra-svarupa’. It is pure consciousness without any viśeṣas or qualities. It is this essential nature of Brahman that is indicated by the word ‘nirviśeṣa’.  
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When Brahman is described as responsible for the creation or evolution of this world<ref>The Brahmasutras 1.1.2</ref> it is the first lakṣaṇa that has been indicated. This is only an indirect way of pointing towards it. However, in its own intrinsic nature it is described as ‘nirviśeṣa-cinmātra-svarupa’. It is pure [[consciousness]] without any viśeṣas or qualities. It is this essential nature of Brahman that is indicated by the word ‘nirviśeṣa’.  
  
 
Another word used in the same sense is ‘nirguṇa’.<ref>Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 6.11</ref>
 
Another word used in the same sense is ‘nirguṇa’.<ref>Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 6.11</ref>
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==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 16:16, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Nirvisesa, NirviZesa, Nirvishesa


Nirviśesa literally means ‘that which is without special characteristics’.

The nature of the highest Reality, generally designated by the word ‘Brahman’ in the Upaniṣads, is an important point of discussion in the Vedānta philosophy, considered as the crest-jewel of philosophical systems. According to the Advaita Vedānta, Brahman has two lakṣaṇas or characteristics:

  1. Taṭasthalakṣaṇa - accidental characteristic
  2. Svarṅpalakṣaṇa - intrinsic characteristic

When Brahman is described as responsible for the creation or evolution of this world[1] it is the first lakṣaṇa that has been indicated. This is only an indirect way of pointing towards it. However, in its own intrinsic nature it is described as ‘nirviśeṣa-cinmātra-svarupa’. It is pure consciousness without any viśeṣas or qualities. It is this essential nature of Brahman that is indicated by the word ‘nirviśeṣa’.

Another word used in the same sense is ‘nirguṇa’.[2]


References

  1. The Brahmasutras 1.1.2
  2. Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 6.11
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore