Difference between revisions of "Niyama"

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==Niyama as per Yogasutras==
 
==Niyama as per Yogasutras==
In the most general sense, the word ‘niyama’ means a rule or discipline. This includes things that are ordained or prohibited, especially during the observance of vratas or religious vows. In the Yogasutras of Patañjali<ref>He lived in 200 B. C.</ref> it forms the second of the eight steps of yoga and comprises these five disciplines:<ref>Yogasutras 2.32</ref>
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In the most general sense, the word ‘niyama’ means a rule or discipline. This includes things that are ordained or prohibited, especially during the observance of vratas or religious vows. In the Yogasutras of [[Patañjali]]<ref>He lived in 200 B. C.</ref> it forms the second of the eight steps of [[yoga]] and comprises these five disciplines:<ref>Yogasutras 2.32</ref>
 
# Śauca - cleanliness
 
# Śauca - cleanliness
 
# Santoṣa - contentment
 
# Santoṣa - contentment
 
# Svādhyāya - study of scriptures
 
# Svādhyāya - study of scriptures
# Tapas - austerity
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# [[Tapas]] - austerity
 
# Īśvara praṇidhāna - devotion to God and dedication of the fruits of work  
 
# Īśvara praṇidhāna - devotion to God and dedication of the fruits of work  
  
 
==Niyama as per Hathayogapradīpikā==
 
==Niyama as per Hathayogapradīpikā==
 
The Hathayogapradīpikā<ref>Hathayogapradīpikā 1.17</ref> gives a longer list of disciplines under niyama. They are:
 
The Hathayogapradīpikā<ref>Hathayogapradīpikā 1.17</ref> gives a longer list of disciplines under niyama. They are:
# Tapas - austerity
+
# [[Tapas]] - austerity
 
# Santoṣa - contentment
 
# Santoṣa - contentment
 
# Āstikya - faith in God
 
# Āstikya - faith in God
# Dāna - giving gifts, charity
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# [[Dāna]] - giving gifts, charity
# Īśvarapujana - worship of God
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# Īśvarapujana - [[worship]] of God
# Siddhānta-vākyaśravaṇa - listening to the statements of the scriptures
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# [[Siddhānta]]-vākyaśravaṇa - listening to the statements of the scriptures
 
# Hrī - modesty
 
# Hrī - modesty
 
# Mati - discerning mind
 
# Mati - discerning mind
# Japa - repetition of mantras
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# [[Japa]] - repetition of mantras
 
# Huta - sacrifice, oblations in duly consecrated fire
 
# Huta - sacrifice, oblations in duly consecrated fire
  
 
==Niyama as per Sanskrit Grammar==
 
==Niyama as per Sanskrit Grammar==
In Sanskrit grammar it refers to a restricting rule as prevailing over a general rule.
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In [[Sanskrit Grammar|Sanskrit grammar]] it refers to a restricting rule as prevailing over a general rule.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 16:26, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Niyama literally means ‘that which restrains’.

Niyama as per Yogasutras

In the most general sense, the word ‘niyama’ means a rule or discipline. This includes things that are ordained or prohibited, especially during the observance of vratas or religious vows. In the Yogasutras of Patañjali[1] it forms the second of the eight steps of yoga and comprises these five disciplines:[2]

  1. Śauca - cleanliness
  2. Santoṣa - contentment
  3. Svādhyāya - study of scriptures
  4. Tapas - austerity
  5. Īśvara praṇidhāna - devotion to God and dedication of the fruits of work

Niyama as per Hathayogapradīpikā

The Hathayogapradīpikā[3] gives a longer list of disciplines under niyama. They are:

  1. Tapas - austerity
  2. Santoṣa - contentment
  3. Āstikya - faith in God
  4. Dāna - giving gifts, charity
  5. Īśvarapujana - worship of God
  6. Siddhānta-vākyaśravaṇa - listening to the statements of the scriptures
  7. Hrī - modesty
  8. Mati - discerning mind
  9. Japa - repetition of mantras
  10. Huta - sacrifice, oblations in duly consecrated fire

Niyama as per Sanskrit Grammar

In Sanskrit grammar it refers to a restricting rule as prevailing over a general rule.


References

  1. He lived in 200 B. C.
  2. Yogasutras 2.32
  3. Hathayogapradīpikā 1.17
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore