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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Prthvi, PRthvI, Prrithvi

Pṛthvī literally means ‘daughter of the king Pṛthu;’ ‘that whose quality is hardness or solidity’.

This word has generally been used in two senses:

  1. The element earth being one of the five fundamental elements involved in creation
  2. The earth in which we live

The latter is said to comprise seven dvīpas or islands known as:

  1. Jambudvīpa
  2. Plakṣadvīpa
  3. Sālmalīdvīpa
  4. Kuśadvīpa
  5. Krauñcadvīpa
  6. Sākadvīpa
  7. Puṣkaradvīpa

All these seven dvīpas are surrounded by different oceans like Lavaṇasamudra.[1] Bhāratavarṣa[2] is in the Jambudvīpa.


  1. It is an ocean of salt-water.
  2. It's other name is India.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore