Difference between revisions of "Parakāla Maṭha"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Parakāla Maṭha is one of the prominent maṭhas or monastic centers belonging to the Śrīvaiṣṇava sect of Vaiṣṇavism. The original center was started by Brahmatantra Svatantra Parakāla Svāmin,<ref>He lived in A. D. 1286-1386.</ref> a monastic disciple of Vedānta Deśika,<ref>He lived in A. D. 1268-1369.</ref> at Kāñcīpuram in Tamil Nadu in A. D. 1359. It was later on shifted to Tirupati, Melkote, Śrīraṅgapaṭṭaṇa and finally to Mysore. The pontiff of this maṭha was accepted as the Rājaguru or royal preceptor by Yadurāya, the first king of Mysore.
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[[Parakāla Maṭha]] is one of the prominent maṭhas or monastic centers belonging to the Śrīvaiṣṇava sect of [[Vaiṣṇavism]]. The original center was started by Brahmatantra Svatantra Parakāla Svāmin,<ref>He lived in A. D. 1286-1386.</ref> a monastic disciple of [[Vedānta Deśika]],<ref>He lived in A. D. 1268-1369.</ref> at Kāñcīpuram in Tamil Nadu in A. D. 1359. It was later on shifted to Tirupati, Melkote, Śrīraṅgapaṭṭaṇa and finally to Mysore. The pontiff of this maṭha was accepted as the Rājaguru or royal preceptor by Yadurāya, the first king of Mysore.
  
The presiding deity of this monastery is Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva. The image of this deity is said to have been given to Rāmānuja<ref>He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.</ref> by the goddess Sarasvatī. The same was handed over by a succession of teachers to Vedānta Deśika from whom the first pontiff got it. Till now there has been an unbroken series of pontiffs, the present head, Vāgīśa Brahmatantra Parakālasvāmi, occupying the seat since A. D. 1992.
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The presiding deity of this monastery is Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva. The image of this deity is said to have been given to Rāmānuja<ref>He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.</ref> by the goddess [[Sarasvatī]]. The same was handed over by a succession of teachers to [[Vedānta Deśika]] from whom the first pontiff got it. Till now there has been an unbroken series of pontiffs, the present head, Vāgīśa Brahmatantra Parakālasvāmi, occupying the seat since A. D. 1992.
  
Though most of them proved to be great teachers, mention may be made of Vāgīśasvāmin<ref>He was the pontificate from A. D. 1915 to 1925.</ref> who was endowed with yogic powers and Abhinava Raṅganātha Svāmin who was the head for 41 years from A. D. 1925 to 1966, in whose period there was a tremendous expansion of intellectual activity.
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Though most of them proved to be great teachers, mention may be made of Vāgīśasvāmin<ref>He was the pontificate from A. D. 1915 to 1925.</ref> who was endowed with yogic powers and [[Abhinava]] Raṅganātha Svāmin who was the head for 41 years from A. D. 1925 to 1966, in whose period there was a tremendous expansion of intellectual activity.
  
  
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==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 20:53, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Parakala Matha, ParakAla MaTha, Parakaala Matha


Parakāla Maṭha is one of the prominent maṭhas or monastic centers belonging to the Śrīvaiṣṇava sect of Vaiṣṇavism. The original center was started by Brahmatantra Svatantra Parakāla Svāmin,[1] a monastic disciple of Vedānta Deśika,[2] at Kāñcīpuram in Tamil Nadu in A. D. 1359. It was later on shifted to Tirupati, Melkote, Śrīraṅgapaṭṭaṇa and finally to Mysore. The pontiff of this maṭha was accepted as the Rājaguru or royal preceptor by Yadurāya, the first king of Mysore.

The presiding deity of this monastery is Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva. The image of this deity is said to have been given to Rāmānuja[3] by the goddess Sarasvatī. The same was handed over by a succession of teachers to Vedānta Deśika from whom the first pontiff got it. Till now there has been an unbroken series of pontiffs, the present head, Vāgīśa Brahmatantra Parakālasvāmi, occupying the seat since A. D. 1992.

Though most of them proved to be great teachers, mention may be made of Vāgīśasvāmin[4] who was endowed with yogic powers and Abhinava Raṅganātha Svāmin who was the head for 41 years from A. D. 1925 to 1966, in whose period there was a tremendous expansion of intellectual activity.


References

  1. He lived in A. D. 1286-1386.
  2. He lived in A. D. 1268-1369.
  3. He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.
  4. He was the pontificate from A. D. 1915 to 1925.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore