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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pradesamatra, PrAdeZamAtra, Praadeshamaatra

Prādeśamātra literally means ‘of the dimension of prādeśa’.

This is a technical term specially used in the Chāndogya Upaniṣad[1] to indicate īśvara or God who is the Self of all. The Upaniṣad has used the word ‘Vaiśvānarātman’ to indicate īśvara and calls him ‘Prādeśamātra’. The word ‘prādeśa’ means space. He whose prādeśa extends from the dyuloka[2] as the head and the pṛthvī[3] as the feet is called as ‘Prādeśamātra’. The word may also mean the Self within, who enjoys the food that is eaten through the mouth.


  1. Chāndogya Upaniṣad 5.18.1
  2. Dyuloka means heaven.
  3. Pṛthvī means earth.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore