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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Samanya, SAmAnya, Saamaanya

Sāmānya literally means ‘that which is the same,’ ‘generality’.

This is one of the seven padārthas or categories recognized by the Vaiśeṣika-darśana. In the Alaṅkāraśāstra,[1] sāmānya refers to such an element which exists both in the basic object and the object with which it is compared, without any distinction.


  1. Alaṅkāraśāstra means the science of figure of speech.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore