Difference between revisions of "Saṣṭitantra"

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==Origin of Saṣṭitantra==
 
==Origin of Saṣṭitantra==
The Sāṅkhyadarśana is one of the oldest systems of philosophy whose origins can be traced even to the Upaniṣads. The Ahirbudhnya Samhitā<ref>Ahirbudhnya Samhitā 12.19-30</ref> refers to an ancient work on the Sāṅkhya known as the Śastitantra. Whether it was one particular ancient work or referred in general to any work of Śāṅkhya philosophy dealing with sixty topics, is difficult to say.
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The Sāṅkhyadarśana is one of the oldest systems of philosophy whose [[origins]] can be traced even to the Upaniṣads. The Ahirbudhnya Samhitā<ref>Ahirbudhnya Samhitā 12.19-30</ref> refers to an ancient work on the Sāṅkhya known as the Śastitantra. Whether it was one particular ancient work or referred in general to any work of Śāṅkhya philosophy dealing with sixty topics, is difficult to say.
  
 
==Classification of Saṣṭitantra==
 
==Classification of Saṣṭitantra==
According to one version, Pañcaśikha, the third of the three original teachers of Sāṅkhya, is said to have composed this work. The work is divided into two parts:
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According to one version, [[Pañcaśikha]], the third of the three original teachers of Sāṅkhya, is said to have composed this work. The work is divided into two parts:
 
# The prākṛtamaṇḍala with 32 sub divisions
 
# The prākṛtamaṇḍala with 32 sub divisions
 
# The vaikṛtamaṇḍala with 28 sub divisions
 
# The vaikṛtamaṇḍala with 28 sub divisions
  
 
==Overview of Saṣṭitantra==
 
==Overview of Saṣṭitantra==
The following is a general overview of the topics dealt with:
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The following is a general [[overview]] of the topics dealt with:
 
* Pakṛti
 
* Pakṛti
 
* Puruṣas
 
* Puruṣas
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* Nine tuṣṭis or contentment
 
* Nine tuṣṭis or contentment
 
* Twenty-eight kinds of defects of organs  
 
* Twenty-eight kinds of defects of organs  
* Eight siddhis or attainments
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* Eight [[siddhis]] or attainments
  
It is believed that the Sāṅkhya of Kapila and Āsuri was theistic whereas Pañcaśikha made it atheistic.
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It is believed that the Sāṅkhya of [[Kapila]] and Āsuri was theistic whereas [[Pañcaśikha]] made it atheistic.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 08:02, 18 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sastitantra, SaSTitantra, Sashtitantra


Saṣṭitantra literally means ‘science of sixty topics’.

Origin of Saṣṭitantra

The Sāṅkhyadarśana is one of the oldest systems of philosophy whose origins can be traced even to the Upaniṣads. The Ahirbudhnya Samhitā[1] refers to an ancient work on the Sāṅkhya known as the Śastitantra. Whether it was one particular ancient work or referred in general to any work of Śāṅkhya philosophy dealing with sixty topics, is difficult to say.

Classification of Saṣṭitantra

According to one version, Pañcaśikha, the third of the three original teachers of Sāṅkhya, is said to have composed this work. The work is divided into two parts:

  1. The prākṛtamaṇḍala with 32 sub divisions
  2. The vaikṛtamaṇḍala with 28 sub divisions

Overview of Saṣṭitantra

The following is a general overview of the topics dealt with:

  • Pakṛti
  • Puruṣas
  • Relation of the prakṛti with the puruṣas
  • Evolution of the categories from the prakrti
  • Inactivity of the puruṣas
  • Five viparyayas or misconceptions
  • Nine tuṣṭis or contentment
  • Twenty-eight kinds of defects of organs
  • Eight siddhis or attainments

It is believed that the Sāṅkhya of Kapila and Āsuri was theistic whereas Pañcaśikha made it atheistic.


References

  1. Ahirbudhnya Samhitā 12.19-30
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore