Difference between revisions of "Varāhamihira"

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==Varāhamihira Era==  
 
==Varāhamihira Era==  
Varāhamihira lived in A. D. 505-587. Science of astronomy has its roots in Jyautiṣa and is even considered as one of the six Vedāṅgas.<ref>Vedāṅgas means limbs of the Vedas.</ref> Scholars feel that it dates back to at least 1400 B. C. The Suryasiddhānta, believed to be a revealed work, is the earliest treatise available on this subject. It was thoroughly revised by Varāhamihira, a great name among the astronomers.
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Varāhamihira lived in A. D. 505-587. Science of [[astronomy]] has its roots in Jyautiṣa and is even considered as one of the six [[Vedāṅgas]].<ref>[[Vedāṅgas]] means limbs of the [[Vedas]].</ref> Scholars feel that it dates back to at least 1400 B. C. The Suryasiddhānta, believed to be a revealed work, is the earliest treatise available on this subject. It was thoroughly revised by Varāhamihira, a great name among the astronomers.
  
 
==Roots of Varāhamihira==
 
==Roots of Varāhamihira==
Varāhamihira was the son of Āditvadāsa of Kapitthaka or Avantikā. Practically nothing is known about him. Tradition describes him as one of the ‘Navaratnas’ or ‘Nine-jewels’ of scholars adorning the court of the king Vikramāditya.  
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Varāhamihira was the son of Āditvadāsa of Kapitthaka or Avantikā. Practically nothing is known about him. Tradition describes him as one of the ‘Navaratnas’ or ‘Nine-jewels’ of scholars adorning the court of the king [[Vikramāditya]].  
  
 
==Works by Varāhamihira==
 
==Works by Varāhamihira==
 
His well-known works are:
 
His well-known works are:
 
# Brhajātaka
 
# Brhajātaka
# Bṛhatsamhitā
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# [[Bṛhatsamhitā]]
 
# Laghujātaka  
 
# Laghujātaka  
 
# Pañcasiddhāntika
 
# Pañcasiddhāntika
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==Attributes of Varāhamihira==
 
==Attributes of Varāhamihira==
 
* He was both an astronomer and an astrologer.
 
* He was both an astronomer and an astrologer.
* In the Pañcasiddhāntika he enunciates the astronomical principles embodied in the works of ancient scholars like Pailiśa, Romaka, Vasiṣṭha and Brahma. The first two treatises enlisted above are on astrology. Incidentally they also furnish some geographical data.
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* In the Pañcasiddhāntika he enunciates the astronomical principles embodied in the works of ancient scholars like Pailiśa, Romaka, [[Vasiṣṭha]] and [[Brahma]]. The first two treatises enlisted above are on [[astrology]]. Incidentally they also furnish some geographical data.
 
* Varāhamihira was the first astronomer to furnish a revised version of the calendar, after calculating the precision of the equinoxes from the period of the preparation of the earlier Suryasiddhānta.
 
* Varāhamihira was the first astronomer to furnish a revised version of the calendar, after calculating the precision of the equinoxes from the period of the preparation of the earlier Suryasiddhānta.
 
* He has employed śunya or zero as a positive numerical symbol.
 
* He has employed śunya or zero as a positive numerical symbol.
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==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 04:24, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Varahamihira, VarAhamihira, Varaahamihira


Varāhamihira Era

Varāhamihira lived in A. D. 505-587. Science of astronomy has its roots in Jyautiṣa and is even considered as one of the six Vedāṅgas.[1] Scholars feel that it dates back to at least 1400 B. C. The Suryasiddhānta, believed to be a revealed work, is the earliest treatise available on this subject. It was thoroughly revised by Varāhamihira, a great name among the astronomers.

Roots of Varāhamihira

Varāhamihira was the son of Āditvadāsa of Kapitthaka or Avantikā. Practically nothing is known about him. Tradition describes him as one of the ‘Navaratnas’ or ‘Nine-jewels’ of scholars adorning the court of the king Vikramāditya.

Works by Varāhamihira

His well-known works are:

  1. Brhajātaka
  2. Bṛhatsamhitā
  3. Laghujātaka
  4. Pañcasiddhāntika

Attributes of Varāhamihira

  • He was both an astronomer and an astrologer.
  • In the Pañcasiddhāntika he enunciates the astronomical principles embodied in the works of ancient scholars like Pailiśa, Romaka, Vasiṣṭha and Brahma. The first two treatises enlisted above are on astrology. Incidentally they also furnish some geographical data.
  • Varāhamihira was the first astronomer to furnish a revised version of the calendar, after calculating the precision of the equinoxes from the period of the preparation of the earlier Suryasiddhānta.
  • He has employed śunya or zero as a positive numerical symbol.


References

  1. Vedāṅgas means limbs of the Vedas.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore