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By Swami Harshananda

Vidhi literally means ‘fate’, ‘rule’.

This word is used to indicate Brahmā, the creator and also the fate in general sense. In the Purvamimānsā system it indicates a rule given by the Vedas. Such vidhis are of two kinds:

  1. Sāmānyavidhi - general rule
  2. Viśeṣavidhi - special or particular rule

The second one applies where the first one has to be set aside. For instance, ahiñsā[1] is the highest virtue. This is the general rule. However, it does not apply to holy acts such as Vedic sacrifices where animals have to be immolated.


  1. Ahiñsā means non-injury or non violent.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore