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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Vijnanabhiksu, VijJAnabhiksu, Vijyaanabhiksu

Introduction About Vijñānabhikṣu

Vijñānabhikṣu lived in A. D. 1550. Vijñānabhikṣu is a well-known and prolific writer, especially on the Sāṅkhya and Yoga philosophies. Except that he was a sanyāsin[1] and probably lived in Kāśī, nothing else is known about him. Some hazard the guess that he was originally from Bengal. However, there is no clinching evidence to prove it.

Vijñānabhikṣu's Works

Published Works

The following are his works:

  1. Vijñānāmrtabhāsyam on the Brahmasutras
  2. Yogavārttika, a commentary on the Vyāsabhāśya of the Yogasutras of Patañjali[2]
  3. Sāñkhyapravacanabhāsya, a commentary on the Sāñkhyasutras of Kapila
  4. Yogasārasañgraha, an independent treatise giving the summary of the Yogasutras
  5. Sāñkhyasāra, a similar work on Sāṅkhya philosophy

Unpublished Works

Some of the works ascribed to him and not yet published are:

  1. Commentaries on some Upaniṣads
  2. Pāsandamatakhandanam
  3. Brahmādarśa
  4. Vaiśesikadarśanavārttikam
  5. Īśvara-gitābhāsya on the Gitā taken from the Kurmapurāṇa

His interpretation of the Brahmasutras is similar to that of theistic Sāṅkhya.


  1. Sanyāsin means monk.
  2. He lived in 200 B.C.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore