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By Swami Harshananda

Antarikṣa literally means ‘that which contains stars,’ the sky.

The region pervading the space in between the earth (bhuloka) and the heavens, (dyuloka or svarga), is called antarikṣa. It is also known as bhuvarloka. According to the Rgveda, Indra or Vāyu is the presiding deity of this region. Sometimes a few more deities mentioned below are assigned to this region :

  • Apām Napāt
  • Aja-ekapāt
  • Rudra
  • Maruts
  • Āpah (waters)


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore