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By Swami Harshananda

Kalpanālāghava literally means ‘simple imagination’.

Samavāya[1] has been accepted as one of the seven padārthas or categories by the Vaiśeṣika philosophy. The example of samavāya are:

  • The connection that exists between the parts and the whole
  • Moving object and the movement
  • Quality and the object that possesses

Though samavāya exhibits in many forms, but it is actually one. This kind of argument is kalpanālāghava. It is one of the eleven forms of tarka.


  1. Samavāya means inherence.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore