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By Swami Harshananda

Kartṛtva literally means ‘doership’, ‘agency of an action’.

Though the ātman or the Self is pure caitanya or consciousness, it is neither the kartā or the agent of an action nor the bhoktā, the enjoyer of its fruits. The ātman in bondage is called jīva.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore