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By Swami Harshananda

Nityamukta literally means ‘the eternally free’.

The Vedānta philosophy has branched off into three main schools:

  1. Advaita
  2. Viśiṣṭādvaita
  3. Dvaita

In the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, the jīvas[1] are divided into three varieties of whom nityasuris or nityamuktas like Adiśeṣa, Garuḍa and Viṣvaksena are the first. They were never in the bondage but ever happy in the company of Lord Viṣṇu. In the Dvaita Vedānta, the word is applied only to Brahman or God and Lakṣmi, his consort.


  1. Jīvas means the individual souls.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore