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By Swami Harshananda

Puruṣavidyā literally means ‘the science or meditation concerning the human being’.

The Upaniṣads deal with several vidyās, modes of meditation, most of which are internal symbolisms of external rituals. One such vidyā is the Puruṣavidyā. It appears in the Chāndogya Upaniṣad.[1] Here, the life of a human being is compared to a yajña or a sacrifice.


  1. Chāndogya Upaniṣad 3.16
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math,