Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) has used the expression ‘pradhānamalla-nibarhaṇa-nyāyena’ in his commentary on the Brahmasutras.[1] The maxim signifies that if the chief opponent is defeated, it is as good as defeating all the others in his camp.

The Sāṅkhyadarśana or the Sāṅkhya philosophy is the nearest to Vedānta[2] though it has some variations. Due to this Bādarāyaṇa Vyāsa, the author of the Brahmasutras, has taken up for refutation. It is difficult to say when exactly this deviation and separation took place because the Sāñkhyakārikā of īśvarakṛṣṇa is certainly the earliest of the cardinal works of this system.

There is not much information regarding Īśvarakṛṣṇa. He might have lived during the period A. D. 350-450. He was a brāhmaṇa of the Kauśika gotra.[3] He was a monk. He was probably a follower of Vārṣagaya, a teacher of Sāñkhya mentioned in the Mahābhārata.[4]


  1. Brahmasutras 1.4.28
  2. Vedānta tries to get support from the Upaniṣads.
  3. Kauśika gotra is the lineage of the sage Kauśika.
  4. Mahābhārata 306.57

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore