Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Akhandākāra-vrtti literally means ‘modification in the form of the Partless'.

Advaita Vedānta advocates nidi dhyāsana or meditation as the means of the realization of the ātman. This should be preceded by the following :

  • Śravaṇa - Hearing about the ātman from the guru or preceptor
  • Manana - Reflection leading to a clear concept and conviction

Once the nature of the ātman is comprehended a clear idea is formed in the mind. Meditation can be proceeded with maturing into a deep conviction. In meditation, the mind takes the form of the object presented to it. Such modifications are called vṛttis and are like waves unto water. Meditation is like each succeeding wave similar to the preceding wave.

The objective of such meditation in Advaita Vedānta is the Ātman itself, which is identical in its essence with Brahman, the Absolute. Brahman is akhaṇḍa, partless, since it is the only Reality that exists. So, when the mind starts meditating on Brahman which is akhaṇda, its vṛttis take on the form of akhaṇḍa-Brahman. Such vṛttis are called akhaṇḍākāra-vṛttis. When this meditation ripens into samādhi (absolute concentration), the vṛttis die down and akhaṇḍa-Brahman stands revealed.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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