Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Amātya literally means ‘one who is near’.

No civilized life is possible without the protecting hand of a king or a ruler. Among the seven aṅgas or constituents of a State (rājya), the amātya (minister) occupies a place next to that of the king. The other two words that are commonly used to denote a minister are ‘saciva’ and ‘mantrin.’ The ‘saciva’ is a helper or a comrade. The ‘mantrin’ is the one who is capable of giving counsel and keeping secrets.

Sometimes the ministers are divided into two groups:

  1. Dhīsacivas or matisacivas - They are also called mantris concerned with giving suitable counsel.
  2. Karmasacivas - They are responsible for implementing the decisions taken.

Various views are given with regard to the number of ministers in a king’s cabinet. The number usually ranges from 8 to 20 or more. Though it is obligatory on the part of the king to appoint ministers, it is equally obligatory to test them properly and thoroughly before doing so.

Kautilya, for instance, lays down[1] that the would-be amātyas are to be tested by upadhās (tests of honesty). The tests are designed to make them swerve from the path of their duty (dharma) by tempting them through wealth, woman (artha and kāma) or by threats (bhaya), and are conducted secretly.

The ministers, though loyal to the king, were also expected to secure the confidence of the pauras and jānapadas (i.e., the people). This would call for the utmost exercise of tact and courage. The posts were usually hereditary though the king had the option not to appoint them as ministers if found not suitable.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore